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Flashcards in Breast Deck (24):
1

what causes the inversion of the nipple in breast cancer?

contraction of lactiferous ducts

2

Peau d' orange

interference with the lymphatic drainage of the breast

3

Larger dimpling

shortening of cooper's ligament

4

Location of Breast Carcinoma

Upper lateral quadrant

5

Winging of scapula

long thoracic nerve

6

difficulty in horizontal extension of upper extremities

thoracodorsal nerve

7

loss of sensation on the upper inner aspect of arm

intercostal nerve

8

difficulty in lifting her child, flapping her arms, and doing arm wrestling

medial pectoral nerve

9

Blood supply of the breast

1. internal thoracic artery from subclavian artery
2. lateral thoracic and thoracoacromial artery from axillary
3. posterior intercostal from thoracic aorta

10

Venous drainage of the breast

1. lateral thoracic and thoracoacromial vein to axillary vein
2. internal thoracic vein

11

Lateral Quadrant of Breast Lymph Drainage

axillary LN

12

Medial Quadrant of Breast Lymph Drainage

Parasternal Nodes
Opposite breast

13

Composition of axillary lymphnodes

Level 1
a. anterior/pectoral
b. posterior/scapular
c. lateral/humeral
Level 2
a. central
Level 3
a. Apical

14

Inferior Quadrant of Breast Lymph Drainage

Sub diaphragmatic inferior phrenic lymph nodes

15

Motor Innvervation of diaphragm

Phrenic Nerve

16

sensory innervation of diaphragm

Central - phrenic
Peripheral - intercostal nerves

17

Thoracic duct empties into

left brachiocephalic vein

18

Drainage of right lymphatic duct

1. right side of head and neck
2. right side of thorax
3. right upper limb

19

Caval opening

T8

20

Contents of the Caval Opening

1. IVC
2. Right Phrenic Nerve

21

Aortic opening

T12

22

Contents of the Aortic opening

1. Aorta
2. Thoracic Duct
3. Azygous Vein

23

Esophagial Opening

T10

24

contents of the Esophageal opening

1. esophagus
2. vagus nerve