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Flashcards in Spinal Cord Deck (106):
1

Exaggeration in the sagittal curvature in Thoracic Column

Kyphosis

2

Exagerration in the sagittal curvature in Lumbar Column

Lordosis

3

Lateral Deviation of the spinal cord

Scoliosis

4

Most common part of vertebral column for scolosios

Thoracic

5

Concave Curvature Ventrally

Thoracic
Sacral

6

Convex Curvature Ventrally

Cervical
Lumbar
Sacrum

7

Primary Curvature of vertebral column

Thoracic and Sacral
Concave Ventrally

8

Secondary Curvature of vertebral colun

Cervical and Lumbar
Convex Ventrally

9

characteristic feature of first cervical vertebrae

absent body

10

characteristic feature of second cervical vertebrae

odontoid process/dens

11

characteristic feature of seventh cervical vertebrae

long spinous process and not bifid

12

Also called vertebra prominens

C7

13

Typical Cervical Vertebra

C3 - C6

14

Atypical Cervical Vertebra

C1, C2, C7

15

Transverse Foramen

Vertebral Artery

16

Atlas

C1

17

Axis

C2

18

Characteristic of Cervical Vertebrae

1. transverse process have Foramen Transversarium
2. Spines are short and bifid
3. body is small and broad
4. vertebral foramen is large and triangular
5. superior articular processes have facets that face posteriorly and superiorly
6. Inferior articular process face inferiorly and anteriorly

19

Subclavian artery is divided into how many parts

3

20

What divides the subclavian arrtery?

Scalenous anterior muscle

21

First part of subclavian artery

1. vertebral
2. thyrocervical
3. internal thoracic

22

Second part of subclavian artery

1. costocervical

23

Third part of subclavian artery

None

24

Heart Shaped Body

Thoracic Vertebra

25

Facets on the bodies of the thoracic vertebra are for

articulation with HEAD of ribs

26

Facets on the transverse process of the thoracic vertebra are for

articulation with TUBERCLE of ribs

27

Characteristic of Thoracic Vertebra

1. medium size
2. heart shaped
3. vertebral foramen is small and circular
4. spines are long
5. body facet - articulation with head of rib
6. transverse process facet - articulation with tubercle of ribs

28

Characteristic of Lumbar Vertebra

1. body is large
2. kidney shape
3. pedicles are strong and directed backward
4. laminae are short in vertical dimension
5. vertebral foramina are triangular
6. transverse process are long and slender
7. spinous process are short, flat, and quadrangular; project posteriorly

29

Termination of Spinal Cord in Adult

L1

30

Termination of Spinal Cord in Newborn

L3

31

Termination of Subarachnoid Space in Adult

S2 - S3

32

Hyoid Bone

C3

33

Bifurcation of Common Carotid Artery

C4

34

Thyroid Cartilage

C5

35

Carotid Pulse Palpated

C5

36

Cricoid Cartilage

C6

37

Start of Trachea and Esophagus

C6

38

Sternal notch

T2

39

Arch of Aorta

T2

40

Sternal Angle

T4

41

Junction of Superior and inferior mediastinum

T4

42

Bifurcation of Trachea

T4

43

Pulmonary Hilum

T5 - T7

44

Inferior Vena Cava hiatus

T8

45

Xiphysternal Joint

T9

46

Esophageal Hiatus

T10

47

Aortic Hiatus

T12

48

Duodenum

T12 - L1

49

Celiac Artery

T12

50

Upper pole of left kidney

T12

51

Superior Mesenteric Artery

L1

52

Upper pole of right kidney

L1

53

End of spinal cord in adult and pia mater (conus medullaris)

L1

54

Renal Artery

L2

55

End of spinal cord in newborn

L3

56

Inferior Mesenteric Artery

L3

57

Umbilicus

L3

58

Iliac Crest

L4

59

Bifurcation of Abdominal Aorta

L4

60

Sacral Promontory

S1

61

End of dural sac, dura, arachnoid, subarachnoid space, and CSF

S2

62

End of sigmoid colon

S3

63

Spinal cord of embryo

entire length of vertebral canal

64

Spinal cord of 6 months

S1

65

White Matter of Cervical

1. Fasciculus Cutaneous
2. Fasciculus Gracilis

66

Gray Matter/Lateral Horn of Cervical

Absent

67

White Matter of Thoracic

1. Fasciculus Cutaneous (T1 - T6)
2. Fasciculus Gracilis

68

Gray Matter of Thoracic

Present

69

White Matter of Lumbar

1. Fasciculus Gracilis

70

Gray Matter of Lumbar

Present

71

White Matter of Sacral

1. Fasciculus Gracillis

72

Gray Matter of Sacral

Absent

73

Propioception lower part of the body

Fasciculus Gracillis

74

Propioception upper part of the body

Fasciculus Cuneatus

75

Ascending Tract of Spinal Column

1. Dorsal/Posterior Column
2. Spinothalamic Tract

76

Lesion in Dorsal/ Posterior Column

1. Same side
2. Propioception
3. Fasciculus Gracillis and Cuneatus

77

Types of lesion in the spinothalamic tract

1. Anterior STT
2. Lateral STT

78

Anterior Spinothalamic tract lesion

1. touch
2. pressure

79

Lateral Spinothalamic tract lesion

1. temperature
2. pain

80

Descending Tract of Spinal Column

1. lateral corticospinal (UMNL)
2. rubrospinal
3. lateral reticulospinal
4. medial reticulospinal
5. vetibulospinal
6. tectospinal
7. anterior corticospinal

81

Lesion in the descending tract of spinal column

above decussation - opposite side
below decussation - same side

82

1. Progressive cavitation around central canal
2. BILATERAL loss of pain and temperature sensation in hands and forearm

Syringomtelia
Central cord

83

Attack on anterior horn cells leading to LMNL
No sensory loss

Poliomyelitis

84

1. Caused by neurosyphilis
2. Degeneraation of Dorsal Column (loss of vibration and position sense)

Tabes Dorsalis
Posterior Cord

85

1. Pure motor disease
2, degeneration of anterior horn cells and corticospinal tract
3. no sensory loss

AML - amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

86

1. vitamin B12 deficiency
2. degeneration of posterior and lateral columns

Subacure combined degeneration

87

Spinal Cord hemisection

Brown sequard syndrome

88

Feature of Brown Sequard Syndrome

1. contralateral loss of pain and temperatur
2. Ipsilateral loss of proprioception
3. ipsilateral manifestation of upper and lower motor neuron lesion

89

Signs of Injury in Lemniscal Pathway

1. Inability to recognize limb position
2. astereognosis
3. loss of 2 point discrimination
4. loss of vibration sense
5 + romberg sign

90

Lateral Medullary/ PICA syndrome/ Alternating Sensory Loss

Wallenberg

91

Millard Guber

Pons

92

Claude

Midbrain

93

Weber

Midbrain

94

Bilateral cervical spinal cord damage
C4 - C6

Quadriplegia

95

Unilateral spinal cord lesion in THORACIC level; result in paralysis of the ipsilateral lower extremity

Monoplegia

96

Bilateral spinal cord lesion in THORACIC level; result in paralysis of bilateral lower extremity

Paraplegia

97

Lumbar Puncture Process

SSS I LED AS

98

Herniation in Cervical Intervertebral Disc

C5 - C6
C6 - C7

99

Herniation in Lumbar Intervertebral Disc

L4 - L5
L5 - sacrum

100

Spina Bifida Oculta

L5 - S1
presence of dimple with tuft of hair

101

Spina Bifida Cystica

1. spina bifida with meningocele
2. spina bifida with meningomyelocele
3. spina bifida with myeloschisis

102

superficial muscle of the back

connected with shoulder girdle

103

intermediate muscles of the back

involved with movements of the thoracic cage

104

deep muscles of the back

1. Superficial - erector spinae
2. Intermediate - Transversospinalis
3. Deep - interspinalis; intertransversarii

105

Traingle of auscultation

1. latissimus dorsi
2. trapezius
3. medial border of scapula

Breath sounds are best heard

106

Lumbar Traingle of Petit

1. External oblique abdomen
2. latissimus dorsi
3. iliac crest

Site of Lumbar Hernia