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Anatomy > Heart > Flashcards

Flashcards in Heart Deck (53):
1

Normal Weight

280 - 340 grams male
230 - 280 grams female

2

Sternocostal/ Anterior Surface

Right Ventricle

3

Base of the heart

Left atrium

4

Apex of the heart

Left ventricle

5

Diaphragmaticc/Inferior Surface

both Ventricles

6

Pulmonary/Left surface

Left Ventricle

7

Borders of the Heart

Right - right atrium
Inferior - right ventricle
Left - Left ventricle
Superior - right/left auricle

8

Auscultation of Tricuspid Valve

Lower end of sternum

9

Auscultation of Aortic Valve

2nd RICS

10

Auscultation of Pumonic Valve

2nd LICS

11

Auscultation of Mitral Valve

5th LICS MCL

12

Right Coronary Artery

1. Right acute marginal branch
2. Small Cardiac Vein

1. Posterior Interventricular Branch
2. Middle Cardiac Vein

13

Left Coronary Artery

1. Anterior Interventricular Branch (LAD)
2. Great Cardiac Vein

1. Circumflex Branch
2. Posterior vein of left ventricle

14

Venous Drainage of Right Atrium

1. SVC
2. IVC
3. Coronary Sinus
4. Anterior Cardiac Vein
5. Venae Cordis Minimae

15

Venous Drainage of Coronary Sinus

1. Great Cardiac Vein
2. Small Cardiac Vein
3. Middle Cardiac Vein

16

blood supply of left atrium and ventricle

circumflex branch of the left coronary

17

blood supply of interventricuar septum and apex

anterior interventricular branch of left coronary

18

blood supply of right ventricle

anterior interventricular artery and marginal branch of right coronary

19

blood supply of right atrium

right coronary artery

20

SA node

1. pacemaker
2. within the atrial wall on the right side of its junction with SVC

21

AV node

interatrial septum superior to the opening of coronary sinus

22

AV bundle
Bundle of His

membranous part of interventricular septum

23

Right/Left Bundle Branches

muscluar part of intervetricular septum

24

Purkinjie fibers

subendocardial layer

25

Large anterior wall MI

1. Proximal LAD
2. I, avL, V1 - V6

26

Anteroapical

1. Distal LAD
2. V2 - V4

27

Inferior wall

1. Distal LAD
2. II, III, avF

28

Anteroseptal

1. Distal LAD
2. V1 - V3

29

Posterolateral

1. Circumflex
2. V4 - V6

30

Remnant of Foramen Ovale

Fossa Ovalis

31

Location of Moderator Band

Right Ventricle

32

Modified trabeculae carnae that crosses the interventricular septum

moderator band

33

Most posterior of the 4 chambers

Left Atrium

34

Primitive Atrium

Left Atrium

35

Right horn of Sinus Venosus

Right Atrium

36

Left horn of Sinus Venosus

Coronary Sinus

37

Primitive Ventricle

Left Ventricle

38

Bubus Cordis

Right Ventricle

39

Truncus Arteriosus

Root of the aorta and pulmonary trunk

40

Ligamentum Teres

Umbilical vein

41

ligamentum venosum

ductus venosus

42

medial umbilical ligametn

umbilical artery

43

fossa ovalis

foramen ovale

44

ligamentum arteriosum

ductus arteriosus

45

1st pair of aortic arch

maxillary arteries

46

2nd pair of aortic arch

stapedial arteries

47

3rd pair of aortic arch

proximal - common carotid artery
distal - internal carotid artery

48

4th pair of aortic arch

left - arch of aorta
right - right subclavian artery

49

6th pair of aortic arch

LEFT
1. proximal - left pulmonary artery
2. distal - ductus arteriosus

RIGHT
1. proximal - right pulmonary artery
2. distal - degenerates

50

Umbilical/Allantoic/Placental Veins

returns blood from the placenta
involutes after birth

51

Vitelline/Omphalomesenteric Veins

returns blood from the splanchopleura
becomes portal system

52

Cardinal Veins

returns blood from the somatopleura of the embryo
becomes the CAVAL system

53

Umbilical Veins

Carry well oxygenated blood from the placenta to the sinus venosus
Right disappears at the end of embryonic period