Flashcards in Abdominal Wall Deck (22)
Name the five components of the body wall from outside inward.
Skin, cutaneous trunci, superficial fascia, deep fascia/muscle, peritoneum
What are abdominal muscles covered in?
How can muscles be attached to bone?
Where does the linea alba run to?
From the sternum to the pelvic bone
How does the rectus abdominus muscle lay?
From sternum to pelvic bone with tendenous transverse insertions, fibers run cranio-caudally
What three pairs of muscles make up the lateral abdominal wall?
External abdominal oblique, Internal abdominal oblique, transverse abdominus
Describe the external abdominal oblique muscle.
Runs caudo-ventral, inserts to linea alba via aponeurosis, most superficial of the lateral abdominal muscles
Describe the internal abdominal oblique muscle.
Runds cranio-ventral, inserts to linea alba and caudal ribs via aponeurosis, middle muscle of the three lateral abdominal wall muscles
Describe the transverse abdominus muscle.
Runs dorso-ventral, inserts at linea alba, only present in cranial/mid portions of abdomen
How do each of the muscle layers of the lateral abdominal wall pass by the rectus abdominus muscle?
External ab. ob.: Superficial, most ventral
Internal ab. ob.: Starts cranially surrounding the rectus abdominus, around umbilicus moves to just superficial
Transverse ab.: Deep to rectus abdominus then switches to superficial, then disappears
What do the aponeuroses of the lateral abdominal muscles form around the rectus abdominus muscle?
Where is the superficial inguinal ring located?
In the external abdominal oblique muscle
Where is the deep inguinal ring located?
In the internal abdominal oblique muscle
What is the name of the peritoneum that is dragged between the superficial and deep inguinal rings?
What two vessels/nerve are included in the canine inguinal canal?
External pudendal vein/artery, genitofemoral nerve
What is included in the male and female inguinal canal?
Male: Testes, spermatic cord, blood supply, cremaster muscle
Female: Vaginal process (Rudimentary structures and fat)
Which four blood vessels supply the deep abdominal wall with blood?
Cranial epigastric artery, caudal epigastric artery, cranial abdominal artery, deep circumflex iliac artery
Which two blood vessels supply the superficial abdominal wall with blood?
Cranial superficial epigastric artery, caudal superficial epigastric artery
In what surgical circumstances is a ventral midline approach used and which layers will be cut through?
Bitch spay, horse colic surgery, always under general anesthetic, skin, superficial fascia, tunica flava abdominus in large animals, linea alba, peritoneum
In what surgical circumstances is a lateral approach used and which layers will be cut through?
Cat spay, cow for c-section or displaced abomasum, skin, cutaneous trunci, superficial fascia, tunica flava abdominus in large animals, muscle (EAO, IAO, TA), peritoneum
How is local anesthesia administered to cows?
In an inverted L through all muscle layers to reach all caudo-ventral nerves