Abnormal Blood Flashcards Preview

Hematology > Abnormal Blood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abnormal Blood Deck (52):
1

Symptoms of erlichia?

Fever, lethargy, anorexia, joint pain, lymphadenopathy

2

How can you test for erlichia?

4DX test for antibodies, blood smear to see blue"buddy" in the cell

3

Erlichia in the neutrophils.

Erlichia ewengii

4

Treatment of tick diseases.

Doxycycline

5

Parasite that is found in rbc, WBC, or platelets.

Anaplasma

6

How is Anaplasma spread?

Ticks attached for over 24 hrs, flies

7

This blood parasite is species specific.

Anaplasma

8

Symptoms of Anaplasma?

Anorexia, lethargy, fever, bruising, bleeding

9

How do you test for erlichia?

4DX test, CBCs, Coombs test, IFA, western blot

10

The bacteria that causes Lyme disease.

Borrelia burdorferi

11

The species that transmits Lyme.

Ixodes sp

12

Symptoms of Lyme?

Lameness, joint pain, fever, lethargy, anorexia

13

How do you test for lyme?

4DX, Idexx c6 quantitative test, IFA, PCR, western blot

14

Tick based issue treatment.

Doxycycline

15

Intracrllular protozoa found in rbc spread by brown dog and American dog tick.

Babesia

16

Babes is only affects...

Dogs

17

How to test for babesia?

Blood smears

18

Feline infectious anemia. (Found in rbcs)

Mycoplasma

19

How to test for mycoplasma?

Blood smear.

20

Symptoms of mycoplasma?

Anemia

21

Protozoa transmitted by American dog tick that affects cats.

Cutauxzoon Felis

22

Symptoms of cytauxzoon Felis

Dehydration, anorexia, fever, lethargy

23

Caused by the parasite dirofilaria immitis.

Heart worm

24

Baby heartworm.

Microfilaria

25

Symptoms of heartworm?

Cough, excessive intolerance, lung sounds, abnormal lung sounds

26

Causes inclusion bodies and is confused for a parasite.

Canine distemper

27

Intercellular parasite found in WBC transmitted by a tick.

Erlichia

28

Caused when macrophages partially remove an antibody coated cell membrane

Spherocytes

29

Often seen in IMHA.

Spherocytes

30

Smaller than normal RBCs with no central pallor and stained darker

Spherocytes

31

Remnants of RBCs that have undergone intravascular hemolysis.

Ghost cells

32

Protruberances from the RBCs that result from oxidation and denaturation of hemoglobin

Heinz bodies

33

Seen most commonly in cats.

Heinz bodies

34

RBCs have a crescent shaped clear area near one margin of the cell

Eccentrocytes

35

Have a clear crescent shape.

Eccentrocytes

36

Irregularly shaped spines caused by ruptured cell membranes

Echinocytes

37

A type of echinocyte that we can cause by drying s smear to quickly or placing blood in hypertonic solution

Crenation

38

RBCs with multiple weird, blunt projections caused by cholesterol or lipids

Acanthocytes

39

RBC where the central pallor is oval or elongate and takes on the appearance of a mouth

Stomatocyte

40

Resulted from intravascular trauma

Keratocytes and blister cells

41

Has an extra round folding in the cell that makes a target look

Codocyte/target cell

42

Fragmented RBCs. (Pieces of cells)

Schistocytes

43

Color that has a low concentrations of hemoglobin

Hypochromasia

44

Larger central pallor. Less color

Hypochromasia

45

Low numbers in the normal state

Polychromatophil

46

Has reddish blue cytoplasm (more purple, no central pallor and bigger)

Polychromatophil

47

Large clumps of material

Aggregate Reticulocyte

48

Few small individual clumps

Punctate

49

Circulate for 7-10 days

Punctate

50

RBCs with Easter egg appearance

Basophilia stippling

51

Immature red blood cells of which the nucleus has not been nucleated

NRBcs

52

RBCs that contain remnants of nucleus leaving dark blue areas

Howell jolly body