Flashcards in Chemistries Deck (46)
What do we look for with blood chemistries?
Waste, drugs, toxic substances, cell damage indication, non functional metabolites, substances with biological functions
Why do we test chemistries?
Screening, rule out or confirm disease, monitor disease, preanesthetic, monitor organ function (liver, kidney), emergency medicine
What tube is used for chemistries?
Must separate plasma within ______ hour(s)
What we Check for in liver.
Carbohydrate metabolism, plasma protein synthesis, lipid metabolism, storage
Two enzymes found in the cytoplasm of the liver.
ALT (alanine amino transferase), AST (aspartate amino transferase)
AST and ALT is associated to...
Superficial cell damage
Two enzymes found in deeper structures.
ALKP (alkaline phosphatase), GGT (gamma glutamyl transferase)
Less than 2-4 times the high end of the reference range.
Over 2-4 times the high end of the reference range.
Liver health indicators.
Albumin, glucose, clotting factors, cholesterol
Blocked bile duct.
From breakdown of hemoglobin.
Gall bladder dysfunction, I'll duct destruction, liver disease that causes inability to process bile (jaundice)
Responsible for fat absorption
What is total protein used to access?
Hydration, nutrition, liver function (serum proteins made in the liver)
Forms the matrix of clots
What do we need our kidneys for?
Water, electrolyte, ph balance, eliminates waste, productions of hormones, stimulates red blood cell production (erythropoietin)
Values associated with kidneys.
Blood urea nitrogen, creatinine
And end product of protein metabolism exceeded by the kidneys
Increase BUN level.
Renal insufficiency, dehydration, strenuous exercise
By product of muscle metabolism.
Prices hormones including insulin.
Produced by liver , controlled by pancreas
Diabetes mellitus (increased glucose)
Breaks down starches and sugars.
Breaks down long chain fatty acids and lipids