Restraint And Venipuncture Flashcards Preview

Hematology > Restraint And Venipuncture > Flashcards

Flashcards in Restraint And Venipuncture Deck (21):
1

What needs to be done before collection?

Identify correct patient, correct sample type, quantity, special requirements, blood tube (labeled), syringe

2

What should be on a tube label?

Patient and client name-or Id number- date and time of collection and drawers initials

3

What needs to be recorded in patient chart?

Date, puncture site, quantity drawn, notes about trauma or test and initials

4

What variables go into play to determine safe draw amount?

Age, size, activity level, lactation, illnesses

5

What percent of total blood can we safely take?

10%

6

Four types of blood collection methods?

Venipuncture, capillary puncture, nail clip, atrial puncture

7

Sites for puncture?

Jugular (site of choice), cephalic, saphaneous, femoral

8

Tools needed to puncture?

Syringe with needle OR vacutainer, alcohol, tourniquet, tube

9

Puncture procedure?

Select site, apply pressure, visualize or feel vein, apply alcohol, stabilize vein with non dominant hand, insert needle, watch for flash, fill syringe, release pressure, remove needle, apply pressure

10

Correct length of pressure to prevent hemorrhage?

30-60 sec

11

During arterial punctures, where do we poke?

Femoral artery

12

What color is arterial blood?

Bright red

13

What color is venous blood?

Deep red

14

Which site needs a few minutes of pressure after collection?

Femoral artery

15

Which size syringe do you choose?

Smallest size available but still can hold the needed amount of blood

16

Which size needle do you choose?

Largest needle possible that still fits he patient to prevent a long time of venipuncture and less clotting

17

At what angle is a needle inserted at?

15-30 degrees

18

Best way to restrain for canine jugular?

Sternal recumbency

19

Suggested skill for feline jugular?

Cat bag

20

Standar needles for blood collection?

22-20g X1"

21

Proper restraint for cephalic canine venipuncture?

Eternal recumbency