Blood Transfusions Flashcards Preview

Hematology > Blood Transfusions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Blood Transfusions Deck (24):
1

What can happen if the liver can't handle cleanup?

Shock, kidney shut down, cardiac arrest, death

2

How many blood types are there?

8 major

3

What blood type are 50-60% of dogs?

DEA 1.1-1.2

4

Most _______ are universal donors

Greyhounds

5

What type are universal donors?

DEA 4

6

Average amount of blood donated.

450 ml

7

Should never exceed _____ Mls/kg when donating

10-20 ml/kg

8

Types of cat blood?

A, B, AB

9

Most common feline blood type?

A

10

Average amount of blood given for feline donor.

55 ml

11

Max amount for a feline donor to give.

60 ml

12

How does cross matching work?

Mixing RBCs and plasma from donor and recipient to look for agglutination reactions

13

Why does the second transition cause issues?

Antibodies are stronger so they are stronger to attack

14

Products used to transfuse.

Fresh whole blood, packed RBCs, fresh frozen plasma, frozen plasma, platelet rich plasma

15

What can we use whole blood for?

Anemia, surgical bleeding, bleeding disorder

16

What are packed RBCs used for?

Hemolytic anemia, non regenerative anemia- more oxygen support

17

What is fresh frozen plasma used for?

If they need clotting factors

18

What do we use platelet rich plasma for?

Thrombocytopenia

19

How long do most transfusions take?

2-4 hours

20

Transfusion reaction examples.

Fever, vomiting, facial edema, hives, shock, dyspnea

21

Two ways to give blood.

IV, intraocceous if needed

22

How often do we monitor?

Every five minutes for 15 minutes. Then Every 30 minutes

23

Supplies needed.

Blood product at body temp, administration set, blood pump

24

The goal of transfusions?

Raise pcv by 10%