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Hematology > Anemia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anemia Deck (18):
1

What causes anemia?

Increased RBC destruction, hemorrhage, decreased production

2

Signs of anemia?

Tachypnea, dyspnea, pale mm, tachycardia, lethargy, excessive intolerance, heart murmur

3

Three classifications of anemia.

Bone marrow, erythrocyte size and hemoglobin

4

Two types of anemia?

Regenerative vs non regenerative

5

Often caused by blood loss or hemorrhage.

Regenerative anemia

6

Caused by a lack of circulating immature RBCs

Non regenerative anemia

7

Bone marrow doesn't produce new cells to replenish blood.

Aplastic anemia

8

Defective function of blood forming organs

Hypoplasia anemia

9

Affects the precursors to red blood cells but not white blood cells.

Aplasia anemia

10

IMHA

Immune mediated hemolytic anemia

11

Secondary causes to the idiopathic IMHA.

Vaccines, neoplasia, drugs

12

Signs of IMHA

WEAKNESS, tachpnea, lethargy, jaundice, dark urine, anorexic, vomiting, fever, tachypnea, heart murmur

13

What causes jaundice during IMHA?

Liver enzymes elevated

14

Antibodies causes the cells to become clumpy

Auto agglutination

15

Cells on a smear that suggests IMHA.

Spherocytes, agglutination, ghost cells

16

What levels will be low during anemia?

RBC count, hgb, total protein

17

Decrease in red blood cells that result in decreased oxygen to the tissues

Anemia

18

What cells indicate regenerative anemia?

Howell jolly bodies, nRBCs