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Flashcards in Acupuncture Deck (18)
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1

What are 3 endogenous opioid peptide families implicated in acupuncture analgesia?

1) beta-endorphon
2) enkephalin (met and leu)
3) dynorphin

2

What nerves are activated by low freq/high intensity stimulation?

type II and III

3

Once nerve is stimulated in LF/HI, where does the message go?

spinal cord --> midbraine --> pituitary/hypothalamus

4

What is the gate theory of pain?

closing the gate to block pain from coming into the spinal cord

5

Instead of beta endorphin release, what do you get in HF/LI?

GABA

6

How do enkephalin and dynorphin alleviate pain?

block incoming messages

7

What 3 areas are involved in electro-acupuncture?

1) spinal cord
2) midbrain
3) pituitary

8

True or false: HF/LI in susceptible to naloxone?

FALSE

9

When needles are placed distal to pain, they activate __________ and ________

midbrain and hypothalamic-pituitary complex

10

Which kind of stimulation produces slower onset but longer lasting analgesia?

low frequency

11

What produces rapid but short duration analgesia?

high frequency

12

What are the Hz ranges for LF/HI and HF/LI?

LF/HI: 2-15Hz
HF/LI: 30-200Hz

13

True or false: HF/LI has cumulative effects

FALSE only LF/HI does

14

Which system is blocked by effects of naloxone?

LF/HI

15

Which system involves the spinal cord, midbrain, and pituitary? What do they produce?

Spinal cord: enkephalin, dynorphin B
midbrain: enkephalin, serotonin, norepinephrine
pituitary: B-endorphin, ACTH

16

What is the thermocouple effect of kelvin thomas?

gradient along length of homogenous conductor with temp gradient produced by ends of conductor at different temperatures

17

What is Benedick's Effect?

current along uniform conductor is reinforced by EM effect between spiraled metal of the handle in contact with the first metal of the shaft

18

Name some examples in which acupuncture could be used according the NIH consensus

1) stroke rehab
2) headache
3) menstrual cramps
4) osteoarthritis
5) low back pain
6) carpal tunnel
7) asthma