Flashcards in Acute Kidney Injury Deck (16):
What is AKI defined as?
increase in srum creatinine by 50% or an absolute increase
Reduction in urine output
Prerenal causes of AKI?
Which drugs may cause renal hypoperfusion?
What is oliguria?
less than normal urine output
What can pre renal AKI develop into if left untreated?
Acute Tubular Necrosis
What is the commonest form of AKI?
acute tubular necrosis
What can cause acute tubular necrosis?
What should you NOT use for treating hypovolaemia in pre renal AKI?
Give 4 main causes of renal AKI.
-Interstitial Nephritis (drugs, TB, sarcoid)
Signs of renal AKI?
itch, D and V, haemoptysis, sore throat, vascular bruits
What are causes of post renal AKI?
obstruction (stones, strictures, cancer)
What does post renal AKI look like on CT or US?
dilated renal pelvis
How do you treat post renal AKI?
relieve obstruction with catheter/nephrostomy
What can hyperkalaemia cause?
What should be given to prevent cardiac arrhythmias in patients witih K+++