Anatomy of Upper Renal Tract Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy of Upper Renal Tract Deck (16):
1

Which kidney is lower?

right due to liver

2

What level is the right kidney?

L1-L3

3

What level is the left kidney?

T12-L2

4

What are the floating ribs?

11 and 12

5

What can muscles do to help protect kidneys?

guarding

6

Which way to kidneys move on inspiration?

inferiorly

7

What can renal artery stenosis be associated with?

AAA

8

What is the order that urine goes through to travel to the bladder?

collecting duct - minor calyx - major calyx - renal pelvis - ureter

9

What is the diameter of the urinary tract like?

increases, until it constricts at pelvi-ureteric junction

10

What is the ureteric orifice?

opening into one corner of trigone on floor of bladder

11

Where should you ballot the kidneys anteriorly?

inferior to rib 12

12

What is involved in ultrafiltration of the blood?

glomerulus

13

What are the 3 sites of ureteric constriction?

1. pelviureteric junction

2. ureter crossing anterior aspect of the common iliac artery (often crosses the bifurcation)

3. ureteric orifice (opening into one corner of the trigone on the floor of the bladder)

14

What type of muscle does the ureter have in its walls?

smooth muscle

15

What causes the renal failure in hydronephrosis?

urine back pressure into the calyces compresses the nephrons leading to renal failure

16

What should be palpable in clinical examination of a patient with hydronephrosis?

kidney enlargement