Adductor Canal Flashcards Preview

ESA 2- Musculoskeletal System > Adductor Canal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Adductor Canal Deck (24):
1

What is the adductor canal?

A narrow conical tunnel

2

Where is the adductor canal located?

In the thigh

3

How long is the adductor canal?

15cm

4

Where does the adductor canal extend?

From the apex of the femoral triangle to the adductor hiatus of the adductor magus

5

What does the adductor canal serve as?

A passageway for structures moving between the anterior thigh and posterior leg

6

What are the borders of the adductor canal?

Anterior
Lateral
Posterior

7

What forms the anterior border of the adductor canal?

Sartorius

8

What forms the lateral border of the adductor canal?

Vastus medialis

9

What forms the posterior border of the adductor canal?

Adductor longus and adductor magnus

10

What marks the apex of the adductor canal?

The adductor hiatus

11

What is the adductor hiatus?

A gap between the adductor and hamstring attachments of the adductor magnus

12

What does the adductor canal contain?

The femoral artery, vein and nerve to the vastus medialis, and the saphenous nerve

13

What is the saphenous nerve?

The largest cutaneous branch of the femoral nerve

14

What happen as the femoral artery and vein exit the canal?

They become the popliteal artery and vein

15

What happens in the adductor canal block?

Local anaesthetic is administered in the adductor canal to block the saphenous nerve in isolation, or together with the nerve to the vastus medialis

16

What is the adductor canal block used to do?

Provide sensory anaesthesia for procedures involving the distal thigh and femur, knee and lower leg on the medial side

17

What are the sartorius and femoral artery used as?

Anatomical landmarks to locate the saphenous nerve

18

What does adductor canal compression syndrome describe?

Entrapment of the neurovascular bundle with the adductor canal

19

How common is adductor canal compression syndrome?

Rare

20

What is adductor canal compression syndrome?

Hypertrophy of adjacent muscles such as the vastus medialis

21

Who is adductor canal compression syndrome most common in?

Young males

22

How may adductor canal compression syndrome present?

Claudication symptoms 
Neurological symptoms

23

Why does adductor canal compression syndrome present with claudication symptoms?

Due to femoral artery occlusion

24

Why does adductor canal compression present with neurological symptoms?

Due to entrapment of the saphenous nerve