Flashcards in Adult Health Deck (29):
Australias health compared to other developed countries
Australia is at the higher end of the life expectancy scale with a life expectancy of 81.9.
We are equal third with Italy
1st and 2nd place on the life expectancy scale
Japan is first with 83.4 and Switzerland is seconds with 82.3
Last places in the life expectancy scale
United Kingdom with 80.2 and United States with 78.5
Why is America the lowest?
Possible reasons for America having the lowest life expectancy is due to access to unhealthy food, gun violence, poverty and limited access to health care
Health improvements over time
Discovery of the microscopic world, safe water and sanitation, immunisations, education and biomedical methods
Discovery of the microscopic world
Identification of macrobes. Eg. Bacteria (infections, viruses eg. Measles, polio and tetanus.) and parasites (eg. Worms) that cause illness, deformity and death.
Treatments and preventions have been developed
Safe water and sanitation.
Piping of water from its source to a safe location. (Eg. Home or community stand pipes) have decreased many water born illnesses such as chloera, malaria and worms.
Ensuring the removal of human wastes especially from drinking water sources has also helped
Programs supported by governments to ensure contagious, communicable, infectious disease are kept under control
High literacy levels in a community mean that individuals and groups can access and use information. This is vital to good health
Diagnosis, treatments and cure.
Doctors, hospitals, operations and medicines. The doctors are the power people. This is all costly to the community
Health groups: men
More likely to work in hazardous jobs.
Experience higher rates of life threatening experiences.
Males die younger then females.
Males early mortality include prostate and lung cancer, stroke, suicide, chronic lower respiratory diseases.
Why is men's health status lower?
Poor health status of men is because they are more likely to avoid medical treatment
Health groups: females
Women are less likely to be overweight.
Women have a increased prevalence of less threatening conditions such as arthritis and Alzheimers.
Females have high rates of illness and disability and are more likely to suffer from depression.
Main causes of early mortality for women
Coronary heart disease, stroke, dementia, Alzheimer's, lung and breast cancer
Health groups: high socioeconomic status
Can afford an education, healthy foods and may have extra money to participate in physical activities
Health groups: low socioeconomic status
The mortality rate for people with a lower socioeconomic status is 80% higher than other Australian adults.
Low SES can't afford healthy food, health care or education
Contributing factors to having a low SES
Increased smoking and alcohol consumption, sing overweight, consuming a poor diet and physical inactivity
Health groups: indigenous Australians
Life expectancy rates are 11.5 years younger.
70% of indigenous are dying before age 65.
Leading causes for lower life expectancy of indigenous are
Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, injury and mental illness
Contributing factors to indigenous poor health
Higher smoking rates, increased alcohol, and substance abuse, reduced access to high quality food supplies and health services, poorer housing facilities and lower levels of employment and education.
Doctors are the power people
Is Australia's compulsory, universal, public health care insurance scheme. 2% taxable income plus a surcharge if you don't have private health insurance.
Additional private health insurance
Ranges from $1000-$3000 per year which is mostly for private hospitals. It basically pays for a bed in a hospital if needed
Pharmaceutical benefit scheme PBS
Provides essential medications to people who need them regardless of their ability to pay
A collaboration of the 3 levels of governments that identified the diseases.
They encourage the development of initiatives that act to support and inform the population.
Recognise the determinants of health and ultimately lowering rates of disease and BOD
I'll health in an individual and the ill health levels in the population
Deaths in a population