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Flashcards in Health And Development Deck (28):
1

Infancy

Starts at birth and finishes roughly around age 2
During this stage the infant develops motor skills, walk, say simple words and recognise familiar people

2

Childhood

Early childhood: begins at 2 and roughly ends at 6. Learn skills such as interacting with people
Late childhood: begins roughly at 6 and ends roughly at 12. Learn how to write and develop a long term memory, refine motor skills

3

Youth

Roughly begins at 12 and ends at 18
Lots of physical changes occur during this time such as physical appearance.
Learn independence and how to have meaningful relationships

4

Early adulthood

Roughly 19-40
The body is effected physically because it reaches its peak around 25-30 years old

5

Middle adulthood

Begins at 40 and ends at 65
By this stage individuals develop stability and commitment in work and relationships

6

Late adulthood

Begins at 65 and ends at death
The individuals normally goes into retirement and sometimes starts new hobbies or works for the community in spare time
Health starts to decline

7

Health

A state of complete physical, social and mental wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (who 1946)

8

Wellbeing

The state of being healthy and happy.

9

Physical health

Relates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness

10

Social health

Being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way

11

Mental health

State of wellbeing in which the individual realises his/her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to ,make a contribution to his/her community

12

Prenatal

Begins at fertilisation and ends at birth
This is a 40 week stage making it the fastest growth period in the human lifespan

13

Health status

An individual's or populations overall health, taking into account various aspects such as life expectancy, amount of disability and levels of disease risk factors (AIHW 2008)

14

Mortality

Refers to deaths in the population

15

Morbidity

Refers to ill health in an individual or ill health levels in a population. (AIHW 2008)

16

Individual human development

The series of ordially, predictable changes that occur from conception until death. Can be physical, social, emotional and intellectual

17

DALY's

Disability adjusted life years
A measure of BOD.
One DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death or time lived with an illness, injury or disability

18

Prevalence

The number of cases of a particular disease present in a population at a given time

19

Incidence

Refers to the number of new cases of a disease in a population during a given period

20

Life expectancy

An indication of how long an individual can expect to live

21

Burden of disease

A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries
Specifically it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease

22

Physical development

Changes to the body and its systems

23

Social development

The increasing complexity of behaviour patterns used in relationships with other people

24

Intellectual development

The development of processes in the brain such as thought, knowledge and memory

25

Emotional development

The development of the full range of emotions and the optimal way of dealing with and expressing them

26

Dimensions of physical health

Physical fitness
Body weight
Blood cholesterol
Blood pressure
Levels of illness
Feelings of physical wellbeing
Energy levels
Functioning of the body systems

27

Dimensions of social health

Friendship networks
Being a part of a team
Relationships with family members
Social needs met
State of relationships with school/workmates

28

Dimensions of mental health

Self esteem
Confidence
Levels of stress
Feelings
Though patterns