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Health And Human Development > Youth > Flashcards

Flashcards in Youth Deck (32):
1

Endocrine system. Glands

Pituitary gland, hypothalamus, thyroid gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, ovaries and testes

2

Pituitary gland

Growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, lutenising hormone, andrenocorticotrophic hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.

3

Thyroid gland

Thyroxine hormone

4

Adrenal gland

Androgen hormone

5

Ovaries

Oestrogen (fsh) progesterone (lh)

6

Testes

Sperm (fsh) testosterone (lh)

7

Puberty

Biological changes that occur during youth and prepare the individual for sexual reproduction

8

Growth spurt hormones

Growth hormone and thyroid stimulating hormone

9

Growth hormone

Acts on all cells, increases cell size and number. Plateaus after puberty and decreases with old age.

10

Thyroid stimulating hormone

Increases in cell size and number. Brain maturation

11

Sexual maturation hormones

Follicle stimulating hormone, lutenising hormone and andrenocorticotrophic hormone

12

Follicle stimulating hormone-females

Triggers the ovaries to produce oestrogen, which causes the menstrual cycle and secondary sex characteristics to occur in females

13

Follicle stimulating hormone-males

Triggers the testes to produce sperm

14

Lutenising hormone-females

Triggers the ovaries to produce progesterone, which causes the menstrual cycle to occur in females

15

Lutenising hormone-males

Triggers the testes to produce testosterone which causes the male sex characteristics to occur

16

Adrenocorticotrophic hormone

Triggers the adrenal glands to produce androgen, which causes the male sex characteristics to occur

17

Youth definition

12-18 years of age. However, It should be acknowledged that classification for the stage of youth can differ across agencies

18

Developmental tasks

Establishing independence-own house.
Search for identity-alcohol etc.

19

Emotional development

The development of the full range of emotions and the optimal way of expressing them

20

Social development

The increasing complexity of behaviour patterns used in relationships with others

21

Intellectual development

The development of processes in the brain such as thought, knowledge and memory

22

Physical development

Changes to the body and its systems

23

Biological determinants definitions

These are concerned with the body's cells, tissue, organs and systems, and how they function.

24

Genetics

Determines what you look like, what gender you are

25

Hormonal change

Influences when and how quickly an individual develops eg. Diabetes, menopause

26

Body weight

Young people who don't eat the right foods can end up being either underweight or overweight. Eg.low birth weight

27

Mortality

Deaths in a population.

28

Morbidity

ill-health levels in an individual and the levels of ill-health in a population.

29

Diagrams

Endocrine system
Male and female sex organs

30

Mortality rates

Females 84
Males 80

31

The endocrine system definition

A series of glands and their secretion. It works closely with the circulatory system.

32

Individual human development

The series of orderly changes that occur from conception til birth. Development can be PIES