Flashcards in Youth Deck (32):
Endocrine system. Glands
Pituitary gland, hypothalamus, thyroid gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, ovaries and testes
Growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, lutenising hormone, andrenocorticotrophic hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Oestrogen (fsh) progesterone (lh)
Sperm (fsh) testosterone (lh)
Biological changes that occur during youth and prepare the individual for sexual reproduction
Growth spurt hormones
Growth hormone and thyroid stimulating hormone
Acts on all cells, increases cell size and number. Plateaus after puberty and decreases with old age.
Thyroid stimulating hormone
Increases in cell size and number. Brain maturation
Sexual maturation hormones
Follicle stimulating hormone, lutenising hormone and andrenocorticotrophic hormone
Follicle stimulating hormone-females
Triggers the ovaries to produce oestrogen, which causes the menstrual cycle and secondary sex characteristics to occur in females
Follicle stimulating hormone-males
Triggers the testes to produce sperm
Triggers the ovaries to produce progesterone, which causes the menstrual cycle to occur in females
Triggers the testes to produce testosterone which causes the male sex characteristics to occur
Triggers the adrenal glands to produce androgen, which causes the male sex characteristics to occur
12-18 years of age. However, It should be acknowledged that classification for the stage of youth can differ across agencies
Establishing independence-own house.
Search for identity-alcohol etc.
The development of the full range of emotions and the optimal way of expressing them
The increasing complexity of behaviour patterns used in relationships with others
The development of processes in the brain such as thought, knowledge and memory
Changes to the body and its systems
Biological determinants definitions
These are concerned with the body's cells, tissue, organs and systems, and how they function.
Determines what you look like, what gender you are
Influences when and how quickly an individual develops eg. Diabetes, menopause
Young people who don't eat the right foods can end up being either underweight or overweight. Eg.low birth weight
Deaths in a population.
ill-health levels in an individual and the levels of ill-health in a population.
Male and female sex organs
The endocrine system definition
A series of glands and their secretion. It works closely with the circulatory system.