Adult nutrition Flashcards Preview

2017 Health and nutrition > Adult nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Adult nutrition Deck (21)
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1

DSHEA=

Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act

2

The DSHEA essentially says

dietary supplements are food and not drugs

3

The DSHEA makes the FDA

responsible for proving things unsafe once on the shelf

4

Supplements are less/more regulated than drugs

less

5

Supplements are mostly dangerous when they

interact with medications or don't contain the expected potency

6

25 B spent on supplements in 2009 compared to 4 B in 1994

ye huge industry m8

7

Body building supplements were used by ____ people while Multivitamins were most used by ____ people

younger
older

8

Most common supplement

Multivitamin/mineral

9

Weight loss fraud in _____ because these products are not regulated by FDA

common

10

Ginseng claims include and are proven/unproven

– Combat lack of energy and ability to concentrate
– Decrease stress

unproven

11

Ginsing side effects include

nervousness and excitation
should not be used if hyperactive

12

Echinacea claims include:

reality:

claims: Prevents and treats upper respiratory infections

reality: Studies show it may be used to help treat colds.
– May not prevent them

13

Echinacea symptoms

Gastrointestinal disress

14

Ginko claims

research shows

Improves cerebral and peripheral blood flow
– Boosts cognitive function
– Prevents short term memory loss

Does not prevent cognitive decline in older adults

15

Ginko can cause

May cause restlessness and GI disturbances

16

Garlic claims

reality

Advertised to treat high cholesterol and
high blood pressure

reality: no evidence of this

17

garlic side effects

gas, heartburn, sweating, and bad breath

18

St. Johns wort used to treat

mild depression

does not treat moderate to severe depression or anxiety

19

St. Johns wart may cause

May cause skin photosensitivity and GI
disturbances

20

St. Johns wart is more/less effective in combo with other antidepressants

less (DO NOT DO IT)

21

Glucosamine may help

relieve moderate to severe knee pain and may decrease insulin sensitivity