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2017 Health and nutrition > Exam 2 notes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2 notes Deck (54)
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1

When eating with another person, consumption rises by __%, when eating with 2 other people consumption rises by __%

33
47

2

Stockpiling food increases/decreases consumption

increases

3

The main issue with HFCS (High fructose corn syrup) is that

it doesn't suppress ghrelin like glucose does, so it won't make you full

4

The difference between glucose and fructose is that:

you can better absorb glucose because of the way in which it is handled

5

HFCS (High fructose corn syrup) raises/lowers blood fats

raises

6

1 tsp = _ grams

4

7

The studies on artificial sweeteners are positive/negative/mixed

mixed

8

Digestion chain of carbohydrates
In the mouth->Stomach job->Small intestine funtion

Mouth: saliva begins breaking down CHO

Stomach: Starch digestion started by saliva stops

Small intestine: Pacreatic juice helps break down with -ase's

9

Gluten is the _____ ____ in grains like wheat and rye and barley

binding protein

10

Celiacs is an ______ disease that causes _______ to wheat and damages the ______ ____

autoimmune
sensitivity
small intestine

11

The main reason people see benefits from going gluten free (when they don't have celiacs) is because they cut out things like pizza

ye

12

Blood glucose regulation is controlled by the two antagonistic hormones _____ and _____

insulin
glucagon

13

Insulin triggers _____ of glucose which lowers/raises blood sugar

absorption
lowers

14

_______ triggers breakdown of liver glycogen to raise/lower blood sugar

Glucagon
raise

15

The glycemic index

ranks CH2O foods on how quickly they elevate blood sugar

16

a High glycemic index would mean that the food is quickly/slowly digested

quickly

17

A low glycemic index score would mean that the food is quickly/slowly digested

slowly

18

If eating alone it's wise to choose high/low glycemic index foods

low

19

Choose high/low glycemic index foods after exercise

high

20

Primary functions of fat in the body include:

Muscle fuel
Padding
Insulation
Emergency reserve
Energy stores

21

Fat stores are composed of _______

triglycerides

22

Fat has a _______ molecule and is attached to _ fatty acids

Glycerol
3

23

______ are useful as emulsifiers (like bile)

phospholipids

24

Mayonnaise stays together due to ________

phospholipids

25

Sterols are ____ shaped and do/do not contain fatty acids

ring
do not

26

What type of fat is cholesterol?

sterol

27

Sterols are found only inside ____ products

animal

28

There is currently a limit/no limit on how much cholesterol should be consumed daily

no limit

29

A dipeptide is a _____ with _ links

protein
2

30

A tripeptide is a ______
with _ links

protein
3