Exam 2 carbohydrates book styudy guide Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2 carbohydrates book styudy guide Deck (43)
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1

Glucose is the most important _________ in the human body.

monosaccharide

2

Monosaccharides can be converted by the ____ to other needed molecules.

liver

3

____ is the storage form of glucose in plants and is also nutritive for human beings.

Starch

4

_____ is the storage form of glucose in animals and human beings.

Glycogen

5

Human digestive enzymes cannot break the chemical bonds of _____
a. carbs
b fiber
c. fat
d. complex carbs
e. proteion

b. fiber

6

Some fiber is susceptible to _______ by bacteria in the colon which isn't bad

fermentation

7

The _____ and nerve tissues prefer carbohydrate as fuel, and ____ blood cells can use nothing else.

brain
red

8

Intakes of natural/refined carbohydrates should be limited.

refined

9

Soluble _____ dissolve in water, form viscous gels, and are easily fermented by colonic bacteria.

fibers

10

Soluble ______ and products of their fermentation play roles in maintaining the body's health.

fibers

11

Strucural portions of plant fiber are ______ and are less readily fermented by colonic bacteria.

insoluable

12

Insoluble fibers benefit digestive tract health.

ye so not terrible

13

Foods rich in soluble/insoluable fibers help control blood cholesterol.

soluable

14

Soluble/insoluable fibers are particularly valuable for maintaining intestinal colonies of beneficial bacteria.

soluable

15

Both soluble and insoluble fibers ease elimination by _____ and ______ stools, and maintain digestive tract health.

enlarging
softening

16

Adequate dietary fiber may reduce the risks of _____ and rectal cancers.

colon
rectal

17

Plant foods supply fiber, nutrients, and phytochemicals that may oppose _____ in many ways.

cancers

18

The best fiber sources are ____ foods, and ____ intake should increase along with fiber.

whole
fluid

19

Very-high-fiber all-____ diets can pose nutritional risks for some people.

plant

20

Whole-grain flours retain all edible parts of grain kernels.

ye

21

_____ grain products are less nutritious than whole grains.

refined

22

A main task of the human digestive system is to convert starch and sugars to _____ for absorption.

glucose

23

A diet rich in whole/refined grains is associated with reduced risks of overweight and certain chronic diseases.

whole

24

Other body systems transport and store glucose; all cells can split glucose for energy.

ye

25

In ______ intolerance, the body fails to produce sufficient amounts of the enzyme needed to digest the sugar of milk, leading to uncomfortable symptoms.

lactose

26

People with lactose intolerance or milk allergy need alternatives that provide the nutrients of milk.

ye

27

Without ______, the body is forced to alter its uses of protein and fat.

glucose

28

To help supply the brain with glucose, the body breaks down its protein to make glucose and converts its fats into ketone bodies, incurring ketosis.

when you don't have a lot of glucose

29

The muscles and liver store glucose as _____; the liver can release glucose from its _____ into the bloodstream.

glucose
glucose

30

The hormones _____ and ______regulate blood glucose concentrations.

insulin
glucagon