Flashcards in Exam 2 carbohydrates book styudy guide Deck (43)
Glucose is the most important _________ in the human body.
Monosaccharides can be converted by the ____ to other needed molecules.
____ is the storage form of glucose in plants and is also nutritive for human beings.
_____ is the storage form of glucose in animals and human beings.
Human digestive enzymes cannot break the chemical bonds of _____
d. complex carbs
Some fiber is susceptible to _______ by bacteria in the colon which isn't bad
The _____ and nerve tissues prefer carbohydrate as fuel, and ____ blood cells can use nothing else.
Intakes of natural/refined carbohydrates should be limited.
Soluble _____ dissolve in water, form viscous gels, and are easily fermented by colonic bacteria.
Soluble ______ and products of their fermentation play roles in maintaining the body's health.
Strucural portions of plant fiber are ______ and are less readily fermented by colonic bacteria.
Insoluble fibers benefit digestive tract health.
ye so not terrible
Foods rich in soluble/insoluable fibers help control blood cholesterol.
Soluble/insoluable fibers are particularly valuable for maintaining intestinal colonies of beneficial bacteria.
Both soluble and insoluble fibers ease elimination by _____ and ______ stools, and maintain digestive tract health.
Adequate dietary fiber may reduce the risks of _____ and rectal cancers.
Plant foods supply fiber, nutrients, and phytochemicals that may oppose _____ in many ways.
The best fiber sources are ____ foods, and ____ intake should increase along with fiber.
Very-high-fiber all-____ diets can pose nutritional risks for some people.
Whole-grain flours retain all edible parts of grain kernels.
_____ grain products are less nutritious than whole grains.
A main task of the human digestive system is to convert starch and sugars to _____ for absorption.
A diet rich in whole/refined grains is associated with reduced risks of overweight and certain chronic diseases.
Other body systems transport and store glucose; all cells can split glucose for energy.
In ______ intolerance, the body fails to produce sufficient amounts of the enzyme needed to digest the sugar of milk, leading to uncomfortable symptoms.
People with lactose intolerance or milk allergy need alternatives that provide the nutrients of milk.
Without ______, the body is forced to alter its uses of protein and fat.
To help supply the brain with glucose, the body breaks down its protein to make glucose and converts its fats into ketone bodies, incurring ketosis.
when you don't have a lot of glucose
The muscles and liver store glucose as _____; the liver can release glucose from its _____ into the bloodstream.