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2017 Health and nutrition > Exam 1 class notes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 class notes Deck (21)
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1

Number 1 choice for eating the way we do?

taste

2

Environmental factors:

environmental comfort/associations (stress/sadness/celebration/BORRDOM)

3

Social pressures:

(ads/scent), socialize/share a meal. People eat more when people are around.

4

Almost ____ of food budget is spent eating out. Portion sizes are larger.

half

5

substances that support growth, maintenance, and repair of bodies tissues.

nutrients

6

(_____ nutrients are nutrients that must be obtained from the diet because the body cannot create them).

Essential

7

Kcal is the amount of energy required to heat 1 ___of water by _ degree Celsius/f.

liter
1
celsius

8

________ perform different specific tasks for the body

Micronutrients

9

Vitamins are ____ compounds while Minerals are _______ compounds

organic
inorganic

10

The most abundant nutrient in the body is ______

water

11

kcal/gram
Lipid:
Carb:
Protein:
Alcohol

9
4
4
7

12

Research and policy: amount of a nutrient that meets the needs of the 50th%ile of the populace. Some need more some need less.
1: AMDR
2: UL
3: EER
4.Ai
5. RDA
6. EAR

estimated average requirements (EAR)

13

Assesses the diets adequacy.
-Contains enough for 98% of the population.
1: AMDR
2: UL
3: EER
4.Ai
5. RDA
6. EAR

Recommended dietary allowances (RDA)

14

Adequacy = RDA but the evidence to that amount is weaker than in RDA.
1: AMDR
2: UL
3: EER
4.Ai
5. RDA
6. EAR

adequate intakes (Ai)

15

Daily requirements for calorie. Set at 50%ile as opposed to nutrients 98. If it was higher it would be bad for people who are smaller. =obesity.
1: AMDR
2: UL
3: EER
4.Ai
5. RDA
6. EAR

estimated energy requirement (EER)

16

Amount of a nutrient above which can have toxic effects. Use this value to assess safety.

Values were derived from supplement overdose
1: AMDR
2: UL
3: EER
4.Ai
5. RDA
6. EAR

Tolerable upper intake level (UL)

17

*Proportions of macronutrients (carbs/lipids/proteins) what % daily calories should come from what.

1: AMDR
2: UL
3: EER
4.Ai
5. RDA
6. EAR

Acceptable Macronutrient distribution range (AMDR)

18

__-__ % daily kcal should be carbohydrates. (CHO)
__-__% proteins
__-__% fats

45-65 % daily kcal should be carbohydrates. (CHO)
10-35% proteins
20-35% fats

19

Who do DRIs apply to?

healthy people over 2 years of age
-apply to average daily intakes
-assume diets contain a variety of foods
-each Dri category serves unique purpose

20

Government sponsored surveys
_____: nutrition status survey (DHHS)
-measures nutrient intake and
-health status
*lab tests: cholesterol, blood glucose, etc.
*physical exams and measurements: height/weight

Government sponsored surveys
NHANES: nutrition status survey (DHHS)

21

SMART goal acronym

specific
measurable
achievable
relevant
timely