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2017 Health and nutrition > Pregnancy notes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pregnancy notes Deck (16)
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1

the infants bones, muscles and organs are all made from:

maternal nutrient stores and diet

2

calorie needs increase/decrease in the second and third trimester
-___ k cal in 2nd
- ____ k cal in 3rd

increase

340

450

3

*______, ______ and ___ women need more calories during pregnancy by __%

Overweight needs less but still needs some extra

teenagers
underweight
active women

15%

4

How much more protein do you need during pregnancy (in reference to RDA)

an additional 25 grams above RDA (.08 grams per kg)

5

These vitamins are especially important during pregnancy:

*thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin

6

Pregnant women should/should not need thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin supplements to meet needs.

should not

7

_____
*needed for blood production, cell growth and prevention of neural tube defects
RDA doubles for _____ during pregnancy

folate
folate

8

Women who are planning children can take .4 mg of folate a day pre-emptivly

ye

9

B12 activates _____ and vitamin D is used for :

folate
bone development

10

Minerals:
______1: is needed to conserve maternal bone as inadequate blood _____1 will draw _____1 from maternal bone


-more important for young mothers, as bones are still developing

-1000-1300 mg /day food sources

calcium

11

Function of calcium in pregnant mothers

calcium is needed to conserve maternal bone as inadequate blood calcium will draw calcium from maternal bone

12

Iron is increased due to

cessation of menstruation during pregnancy

13

Iron absorption is affected by pregnancy how?

triples

14

_____:
-needed for DNA and RNA synthesis
supplementation may be needed during pregnancy

Zinc

15

Pregnant women should supplement iron during:

2nd and third trimester

16

Pregnant women should avoid feta, Brie, Blue cheese due to:

listeria in soft cheeses which could kill a fetus