Exam 1 class notes 2 Flashcards Preview

2017 Health and nutrition > Exam 1 class notes 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 class notes 2 Deck (19)
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1

The Dietary guidelines for Americans are updated every __ years

5 years

2

adequacy

adequacy (supplies all the essential nutrients you need)
- balance (doesn't contain too much of one thing, recommend amounts (lifestyle vs. diet)

3

energy control

energy control (caloric content of foods, nutrient density and energy density in terms of empty calories)

4

Moderation

Moderation (getting enough of a nutrient so that its adequately provided but not so much that you get negative effects)

5

variety

variety (considering all groups from various food groups)

6

Majority of calories reorder
Beverages
Sweets
Protein foods
Grains
Burgers sandwiches tacos

Majority of calories
1. Sweets
2. Burgers sandwiches tacos
3. Beverages
4. Protein foods
5. Grains

7

A healthy eating pattern limits
* _____ fats and trans fats, added sugars and sodium
*_____ limits
_ drinks a day for men is moderate, _ for women

saturated
specific
2
1

8

A healthy eating pattern limits
-

10%
2399mg sodium

9

Specific shifts
Vegetables : increase/decrease intake and include al vegatable sub groups
Fruits: increase/decrease intake of whole fruits
* grains decrease/increase intake of refined grains and increase/decrease whole grains

increase
increase
* grains decrease intake of refined grains and increase whole grains

* protein: increase variety in choices and nutrient density
*oils: shift from solid fats to oils

10

specific shifts
* protein: increase/decrease variety in choices and nutrient density
*oils: shift from solid fats to oils

increase
true

11


Developing food intake patterns
*determine calorie needs
* set nutrient goals
* calculate nutrient profiles for each food group based on
Nutrient content (vitamins minerals essentially fats)
*food consumption
*construct food patterns that meet goals

absorb

12

Nutrition labeling of food.
includes what vitamins

Vitamin a, c, calcium, and iron I required on food labels

13

Nutrient standards are based on a ___ calorie diet

2000

14

Dv allows us to compare foods on a ______ scale

standardized

15

*fat free: less than ___ grams of fat per serving

.5

16

Health claims
*state relationship between some nutrient in food and some aspect of health (approved list)
*____ and hypertension

sodium

17

Qualified health claims are backed by stronger/weaker evidence (label states strength of evidence)

weaker

18

Structure function claims
*describe effect of substance on body but don't make reference to _____
*legal but largely unregulated (common on dietary supplement labels)

disease

19

New nutrition label comes out in ___ and calories will be displayed ____

2018
larger