Flashcards in Aftermath: the emergence of Chartism 1837-40 Deck (16)
London Working Men's Association (LWMA) founded
-founder members; William Lovett, Fracnis Place and Henry Hetherington
--aimed to appeal to skilled workers seeking reform
National Radical Association of Scotland Founded
Six Points of the 'People's Charter' written
-produced by members of the LWMA together with six radical MPs
First appearance of the Northern Star
-chartist newspaper printed in Leeds and edited by Feargus O'Connor
Publication of the People's Charter
-printed in London along with a National Petition for Chartists to sign
London Democratic Association
-a re-branding, by George Julian Harney, of the East London Democratic Association (formed in 1837) and intended to be the unskilled workers' alternative to the LWMA
Mass ralilies and meetings
-held thoughout the country, many to elect delegates to a National Convention
Timline: 1839 (February, May and June)
Year of Action
-Feb; National Convention met in London
-May; National Contention moved to Birmingham
-June; First Chartist Petition 91.28mil signatures) presented to parliament
Timline: 1839 (July)
Year of Action
-July; Riots at the Bull Ring in Birmingham, followed by the return of the National Convention to London
-rejection of Chartist Petition by parliament (235 votes to 46)
-National Convention proposed strike action, known as the 'Sacred Month'
Timeline: 1839 (August and November)
Year of Action
-August; 'Sacred Month' called off; Convention dissolved
-November; Newport Rising in Monmouthshire
The end of Chartism?
-January; Attempted risings in Sheffield and Bradford
-Many Chartists, inluding the leaders, arrested, tried and imprisoned
What were the 6 points of the people's charter (1838)? (shortened version)
1. A vote for every man 21 years of age
2. The ballot
3. No property qualification for members of Parliament
4. Payment of members
5. Equal constituencies
6. Annual parliaments
There was nothing new about the 6 points of the people's charter: they had all been part of political agitation singe the 1760s. What was new?
The emeregence of Chartism as a national movement in the 1830s and 1840s
What did Francis Place, a london tailor, do in June 1836?
Joined up with William Lovett, a cabinet maker, to form the London Working Men's Association (LWMA)
What was William Lovetts role in the LWMA?
Also drew up the People's Charter which became their political programme
What did the LWMA hope to do? How did they hope to achieve it? Who did they appeal to?
-They hoped that by using persuasion the government would accept the moral force of their arguments (and reform). 'Before an educated people a government must bow.'
-People's Charter was printed and along with a petitions widely circluated
-They appealed mainly to skilled workers, those who had much to lose by open rebellion and much to gain by peaceful change
Biography: Henry Hetherington (1792-1849)
-Radical journalist and publisher
--whose Poor Man's Guardian (1831-1835) played an important role in the 'war of the unstamped' press
---1819 gov. imposes harsh stamp duty in order to make radical newspapers economically unviable
-from 1830 HH published papers without the stamp
--sent to jail 3 times
-HH later participated in Chartist organisations
When was the East London Democratic Association founded?
What was the East London Democratic Association re-named to?
London Democratic Association (LDA)