Flashcards in PEOPLE Deck (34)
When was Earl Grey alive?
What political party did Earl Grey support?
Important facts about Earl Grey?
-Strong supporter for Catholic emancipation
-1832 reform act was passed with Grey as prime minister
-Also grey abolished slavery throughout British Empire in 1833
When was Lord John Russell alive?
What political party did Lord John Russell support?
Lord John Russell's background?
-Born into a powerful Whig family
-He was Whig MP from 1813
Key facts about Lord John Russell?
-A strong supporter of parliamentary reform
-Largely responsible from drafting the 1832 reform act
-In 1832 he became leader of the Whigs in the commons
-Responsible for several reforms following 1835, like registration of births, deaths and marriages.
-A supporter of the repeal of the Corn Laws, he combined forces with Robert Peel (the Tory Prime minister) in 1846 to bring about their repeal
-He resigned in 1866 when his proposals for further reform were defeated
When was Lord John Russell Prime Minister?
When was Henry Hetherington alive?
Henry Hetherington's background?
-He was a radical journalist and publisher
-His "Poor man's guardian" played an important role in the war of the unstamped press
-He later published newspapers illegally (untapped) and was jailed three times
-He later participated in various Chartists organisations
When was John Frost alive?
John Frost's background?
-Born in Newport but also lived in Cardiff, Bristol and London
-He was a reforming local politician in Newport from 1806 and later Mayer in 1836
John Frost, important facts?
-He was elected to the Chartists Convention in 1839
-At first he advocated peaceful protest but soon changed his views.
-He was arrested and tried for treason in December 1839 after leading the abortive Newport Rising
When was Henry Vincent alive?
Key facts about Henry Vincent?
-A member of LWMA
-He became associated with moderate reform and teetotal chartism
When was Feargus O'Connor alive?
Feargus O'Connor background?
-In his early career he was associated with lo9nd radicalism.
-He then focused his attention to the north
Feargus O'Connor key facts?
-Established the Northern Star in 1837
-Physical force chartist
-Hated William Lovett
-He was a straightforward revolutionist, and violent language was part of his political strategy
-Avoided involvement in 1839 Newport Rising
-His height of his national fame was during the 1848 petition
-His idealistic land plan ended in failure and led to his decline
When was William Lovett alive?
William Lovett key facts?
-Founded London Working Men's Association in 1836 from which emerged the chartist movement
-Arrested in 1839 following the Birmingham riots.
-After his arrest he focused on educational reform and self-help
-He remained an influential figure for the next few years but was increasingly marginalised from mainstream Chartism after 1842
-He was a moral force chartist and clashed with O'Connor
When was William Gladstone alive?
William Gladstone background?
-Son of a Liverpool merchant
-Educated at Eton and Oxford
-Entered parliament as Conservative MP in 1832
-Became liberal under Whig/Peelite government
Gladstone key facts?
-His first ministry in 1868 concentrated on reforms of Army, education, legal system, elections and Ireland
-His second ministry passed the third reform act
-His third ministry failed
-His fourth concentrated on Ireland but failed to pass a home rule bill
-Queen Victoria disliked Gladstone
When was John Bright alive?
John Bright background?
-Son of a carpet manufacturer from Rochdale
-Supporter of temperance
John Bright key facts?
-He was a leading spokesman for the un-enfranchised working class in the 1866-67 debates on reform.
-He support land reform in Ireland but opposed Gladstone's Home Rule proposals in 1886 `
When was Benjamin Disraeli alive?
-Son of a Jewish author who had converted to Christianity
-Entered parliament in 1837
-He was a Tory radical
Disraeli key facts?
-Had a vigorous foreign policy
-Domestic reforms to improve for example, public health and housing
-Queen Victoria liked Disraeli