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AS History (Britain, 1830-1885: Representation and Reform) > PEOPLE > Flashcards

Flashcards in PEOPLE Deck (34):
1

When was Earl Grey alive?

1764-1845

2

What political party did Earl Grey support?

Whig party

3

Important facts about Earl Grey?

-Strong supporter for Catholic emancipation
-1832 reform act was passed with Grey as prime minister
-Also grey abolished slavery throughout British Empire in 1833

4

When was Lord John Russell alive?

1792-1878

5

What political party did Lord John Russell support?

Whig party

6

Lord John Russell's background?

-Born into a powerful Whig family
-He was Whig MP from 1813

7

Key facts about Lord John Russell?

-A strong supporter of parliamentary reform
-Largely responsible from drafting the 1832 reform act
-In 1832 he became leader of the Whigs in the commons
-Responsible for several reforms following 1835, like registration of births, deaths and marriages.
-A supporter of the repeal of the Corn Laws, he combined forces with Robert Peel (the Tory Prime minister) in 1846 to bring about their repeal
-He resigned in 1866 when his proposals for further reform were defeated

8

When was Lord John Russell Prime Minister?

-1846-52
-1865-66

9

When was Henry Hetherington alive?

1792-1849

10

Henry Hetherington's background?

-He was a radical journalist and publisher
-His "Poor man's guardian" played an important role in the war of the unstamped press
-He later published newspapers illegally (untapped) and was jailed three times
-He later participated in various Chartists organisations

11

When was John Frost alive?

1784-1877

12

John Frost's background?

-Born in Newport but also lived in Cardiff, Bristol and London
-He was a reforming local politician in Newport from 1806 and later Mayer in 1836

13

John Frost, important facts?

-He was elected to the Chartists Convention in 1839
-At first he advocated peaceful protest but soon changed his views.
-He was arrested and tried for treason in December 1839 after leading the abortive Newport Rising

14

When was Henry Vincent alive?

1813-78

15

Key facts about Henry Vincent?

-A member of LWMA
-He became associated with moderate reform and teetotal chartism

16

When was Feargus O'Connor alive?

1796-1855

17

Feargus O'Connor background?

-In his early career he was associated with lo9nd radicalism.
-He then focused his attention to the north

18

Feargus O'Connor key facts?

-Established the Northern Star in 1837
-Physical force chartist
-Hated William Lovett
-He was a straightforward revolutionist, and violent language was part of his political strategy
-Avoided involvement in 1839 Newport Rising
-His height of his national fame was during the 1848 petition
-His idealistic land plan ended in failure and led to his decline

19

When was William Lovett alive?

1800-1877

20

William Lovett key facts?

-Founded London Working Men's Association in 1836 from which emerged the chartist movement
-Arrested in 1839 following the Birmingham riots.
-After his arrest he focused on educational reform and self-help
-He remained an influential figure for the next few years but was increasingly marginalised from mainstream Chartism after 1842
-He was a moral force chartist and clashed with O'Connor

21

When was William Gladstone alive?

1809-97

22

William Gladstone background?

-Son of a Liverpool merchant
-Educated at Eton and Oxford
-Entered parliament as Conservative MP in 1832
-Became liberal under Whig/Peelite government

23

Gladstone key facts?

-His first ministry in 1868 concentrated on reforms of Army, education, legal system, elections and Ireland
-His second ministry passed the third reform act
-His third ministry failed
-His fourth concentrated on Ireland but failed to pass a home rule bill
-Queen Victoria disliked Gladstone
-Hated Disraeli

24

When was John Bright alive?

1811-89

25

John Bright background?

-Son of a carpet manufacturer from Rochdale
-A Quaker
-Supporter of temperance
-a Pacifist

26

John Bright key facts?

-He was a leading spokesman for the un-enfranchised working class in the 1866-67 debates on reform.
-He support land reform in Ireland but opposed Gladstone's Home Rule proposals in 1886 `

27

When was Benjamin Disraeli alive?

1804-1881

28

Disraeli background?

-Son of a Jewish author who had converted to Christianity
-Entered parliament in 1837
-He was a Tory radical

29

Disraeli key facts?

-Had a vigorous foreign policy
-Domestic reforms to improve for example, public health and housing
-Hated Gladstone
-Queen Victoria liked Disraeli

30

When was Gladstone Prime Minister?

-1868-1874
-1880-1885
-1886
-1892-1894

31

When was Disraeli Prime Minister?

-1868
-1874-1880

32

When was Robert Lowe alive?

1811-82

33

Robert Lowe background?

-Son of a rich clergyman
-Educated at Winchester and Oxford
-Emigrated to New South Wales in 1842 and made his name on the legislative council and made a fortune form his legal practice

34

Robert Lowe key facts?

-He was a liberal MP for Kidderminster and later for a small borough called Cane.
-Responsible for education in Russell's liberal administration
-He was later wrong-footed when Disraeli introduced a far more radical measure
-Worked in Gladstone's administration 1868-73