Flashcards in Parliament, party and people 1832-67 Deck (52)
-franchise enlargement and some seat redistribution
-Whigs/Liberals in control of Commons
-Founding of Tory/Conservative Carlton Club London to encourage voter registration and dissemination of Tory propaganda
-Sets out Peel's vision for the future Conservative Party
-Peel becomes Prime Minister in December
Timeline: 1835 (1)
-Peel leads a Conservative minority administration
Lichfield House Compact
-Combination of Whig, Irish and radical MPs bring down Peel's government
Timeline: 1835 (2)
Municipal Corporations Act
-Borough corporations, the body of people responsible for running the boroughs, to be elected annually
-Establishment of local political clubs and associations
Founding of Reform Club
-Formed by Whigs and middle-class radicals to encourage voter registration and dissemination of Whig/ Liberal propaganda
Accession of Queen Victoria
-General election: combination of Whig and Irish MPs control the Commons
Bedchamber Crisis (sensual)
-Melbourne offers resignation of Whig ministry
-Queen Victoria refuses to swap some of her Whig-leaning ladies of the bedchamber for Conservative-inlclined ones; Peel refuses to form a ministry and Melbourne's Whigs carry on
-Peel and Conservatives have a Commons majority of about 80 seats
Repeal of the Corn Laws
-Peel's Conservative Party splits between Peelites, who favoured repeal, and the majority, who did not
Death of Peel
-Peelites absorbed into the emerging Liberal Party under, first, Lord Aberdeen (himself a Peelite) and then Lord Palmerston
What made MPs switch between parties?
went like this throughout much of the 18th C
When did the matter of switching between parties "firm up"?
During the election of 1832 held after the passage of the reform act
Who was the election of 1832 really fought by?
-not whig and tory
-but those who supported reform vs those who didn't
Who supported reform?
-supporters of 'reform in order to preserve' and the CofE and the monarchy
-radicals who favoured free trade and the abolition of the monarchy and the disestablishment of the church
The supporters of reform were a mixed bunch. What did this lead to?
-a difficulty body of MPs to keep together as a party and even as a government
-splits over Irish affairs led to the resignation in 1834 of Earl Grey (Whig PM)
What happened at the same time as Earl Greys resignation?
Lord Althorp, Whig leader of the HofC inherited his fathers title and moved to HofL
What was the consequence of Earl Grey and Lord Althorp leaving the party?
Two important Whigs needed replacing
Which King tried to engineer a coalition between a Whig Lord ..?.. and the Tory ..?.. ?
William IV tried to organise a coalition between who?
What happened when the suggested coalition failed?
King William IV didn't like Melbourne's choice of leader (Lord John Russell) in the Commons so dismissed the Whig government
Why was it odd for the King to dismiss the Whig government?
They had a secure majority
Who was invited by the King to form a government after the Whigs had been dismissed?
What was Peel's first move back in power? Why did he do it? What did he issue?
-fight an election
-didn't have a majority
-Tamworth election manifesto
What did the Tamworth Manifest do?
-appeal to electorate in borough of Tamworth
-set out Peel's political position
Why was the Tamworth Manifest shocking at the time?
Gentlemen may explain their political position to fellow MPs but not to the scummy, uneducated electorate beyond Westminster was "unheard of"
Where was the Tamworth Manifest released?
Published in newspapers
What was the result of the 1835 general election?
-Conservatives did well
-gained 80 seats
-Peel left leading minority gov.
What was the Lichfield House Compact? Who was it agreed by?
-unwritten agreement at Lichfield House
-in February 1835
-between the Whigs, led by Lord John Russel, and a group of Irish MPs led by Daniel O'Connell
What was agreed in the Lichfield House Compact?
The Whigs could depend on Irish support in Commons in return for promising to consider some reforming legislation in Ireland