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What is the maximum IAS for an aircraft (CAT A/B) in a 15˚ AoB turn when on a SID?

A: 120
B: 165


What is the equation for calculating Rate of Climb?

Ground speed * Gradient% * 1.013


What is the Maximum IAS for holding pattern for CAT A/B in normal and turbulent conditions below 14,000ft?

Normal: 170kts
Turbulent: 170kts


When in a hold, what sort of turns should be made?

Rate 1 or 25˚ AoB (whichever is lower)


What is Vat (Vref) for CAT A/B aircraft?

A: <91
B: 91 - 120


What is the range of speeds acceptable for initial approach for CAT A/B aircraft? What about procedure turns or reversals)

A: 90-150 (110 procedure/ reversal)
B: 120-180 (140 procedure/ reversal)


What is the range of speeds acceptable for final approach for CAT A/B aircraft?

A: 70-100
B: 85-130


What is the maximum speed for visual manoeuvring (circling) for CAT A/B aircraft?

A: 100
B: 135


What is the maximum acceptable speed on the miss approach for CAT A/B aircraft?

A: 110
B: 150


What is the equation for calculating Vat?

1.3 * Vs0 (Stall speed in landing configuration)


How may instrument approach procedure timing be changes if your approach speeds are significantly lower than those used to design the approach?

If approach IAS is 91-110kts:
2min = 2.5 min
3min = 4 min

If approach IAS is 70-90kts:
2 min = 3 min
3 min = 4.5 min


When will an ATIS say to "Expect Visual Approach"?

-Vis > 16km
-Ceiling > 1000ft above procedure commencement altitude or radar vectoring altitude
-By day only (except NZCH)


Under what conditions will the CH ATIS say to expect visual approach?

Vis > 16km
Ceiling > 1000ft above procedure

At night when:
Vis > 16km
No cloud below 5000ft
When RWY 11/29 in use


What is the equation used for a correction to MDA/DA when using a remote QNH ?

(Distance-5)*5 = ft to add to MDA/DA


When will onwards clearance time or expect time of approach happen when in a hold?

-When en-route hold onwards clearance time will always be given
-If in approach hold expected approach time will be given if delay is expected to exceed 5 minutes


What are acceptable visual features to have in sight when operating below MDA/DA?

-Runway or runway markings
-Touchdown zone lights or markings or touchdown zone
-Approach lighting system
-Threshold marking or threshold lights
-Runway lights


What altitude reference is used in the AOFIR?

QNE only


What is the significance of the FIR boundary on altimeter setting?

In AOFIR only QNE is used
-In NZFIR, QNE, zone QNH or aerodrome QNH is used


Describe the transition layer?

Transition altitude: 13,000ft
Transition level: FL150

Set QNE when climbing through transition altitude
Set zone//area QNH when descending through FL150


What phrase must be said if you are not planning on flying at a non standard cruising altitude?

"Non Standard"


What does RVSM stand for? what does it allow?

Reduced vertical separation minima
-Allows minimum ATC separation of 1000ft vertically, between 2 RVSM aircraft


What equipment is required to operate in RVSM airspace?

-2 primary altimetry systems
-1 automatic altitude keeping device
-1 altitude alerting device


What is MFA? What is it made up of and what does each mean?

-MFA: Minimum flight altitude

-Route MSA: Minimum Safe altitude
-MRA: Minimum reception altitude (VOR)
-MEA: Minimum en-route altitude (NDB)
-VHZ upper limit
-Danger/ Restricted area upper limit

Then application of next highest magnetic cruising level must be used to get MFA


What is the minimum net climb gradient for a departure climb? When may the initial turn be commenced?

3.3% (200ft/nm)
turn commenced after climbing through 400ft on RWY centreline


When may you descent below MFA?

-On arrival in the following circumstances:
=In accordance with En-route descent steps
=VORSEC chart steps
=Under radar control

-Descent must be limited to the higher of MSA, or VHZ/Danger area/ Restricted area upper limit


What different departure procedures can be done?

-Published SID
-Climb on track above VORSEC steps
-Specified track, radar heading or radar SID within an evaluated climb sector
-Departure instructions under radar control
-Visual departure (with regard to prevailing met conditions, by day only)


How long before entering RVSM airspace must you notify ATS if you cannot meet RVSM requirements?

30 minutes


How does speechless comms work?

Yes: 1 pulse
No: 2 pulses
Say again: 3 pulses
At nominated position: 4 pulses


What are the visual light signals

-Solid green: cleared T/O or LDG
-Flashing green: return to land, cleared to taxi
-Solid red: Give way and continue circling, taxi clear of leg area
-Flashing red: AD unsafe, do not land,
-Flashing Red/green: Danger, be on alert
-Flashing White: Land and proceed to apron, return to starting point
-Red Pyro: not withstanding previous clearance


When will onwards clearance time be passed and when will it be withheld?

-En-route hold: will always passed
-Initial approach fix: if expected delay is to exceed 5 minutes