Flashcards in Part 125 Deck (68)
What are the four different types of training?
Introduction, Transition, Recurrent, Upgrade
What must AO certificate holder do with respect to crew member training programs?
-Provide all 4 types of training, ensuring they can perform their assigned functions
-Ensure pilots also complete line training
-Conducted safely in a structured manner and includes human factors where multi crew ops a re carried out.
-Person responsible for trying has current flight examiner rating
-Can complete their own training, or use a Part 141 organisation, or an international equivalent.
-Persona train record is kept up to date and kept in accordance with part 119, and crew is informed of qualification.
What is line training?
-It occurs after introduction training and is done under the supervision of a training captain.
-Pilot acts they would on a normal flight with Pax or cargo and is signed off by the trying captain
=Intro training - Flight test - Line trains - line check - fly with any captain or as single pilot PIC
What must the introduction segment of the initial training for crew members include? What are the hour requirements to begin introduction training?
-Aeroplane type and special equipment fitted
-Route and AD for intended operation
-Emergency and abnormal situations
-Crew member assignment, functions, responsibility
-Location and use of emergency equipment
-Use of oxygen equipment
-Location and use of normal and emergency exits
-Human factors and CRM
-Relevant security training
-Cert holder policy and procedures
-Must have 250hrs flight time
-If required to perform an air operation under IFR must have current Instrument rating
When is transition training required for crew members?
-Crew is changing from one type or variant to another
-Change to the nature of the operation
-New equipment is introduced that affects the operation of the aeroplane type or variant.
What must transition training include if it is required?
-the use of all safety and emergency equipment and procedures applicable
-New procedures or equipment introduced to existing type or variant
-Any required Human factors or CRM training brought about by the different aeroplane, equipment or procedures
When is upgrade train required for crew members?
-Pilot is changing form one crew member position to a more responsible crew member position on the same aeroplane type
-Flight attendant is upgrading to a role of increased responsibility.
What must upgrade training include if it is required?
-Use of all safety and emergency equipment and procedures applicable to new position and the role of the more responsible flight attendant for which upgrade is sought
-Including Human factors and CRM, with emphasis on the changes brought about with the new crew member position and new responsibilities.
-Must include training in supervisory roles.
What recurrent training is required for pilots?
All crew member:
=Normal and emergency procedures every 6 months (IFR)
=Normal and emergency procedures every 12 months (VFR)
=Written/ Oral test every 12 months
=Route and Aerodrome check every 12 months
What equipment can be used for crew member training?
Turbofan, turboprop, twin turboprop:
-Simulators or aeroplane of the same type as the one used for operations.
Single engine gas turbine/ piston or Twin piston:
-Aeroplane of the same type.
How must pilot line training be conducted?
-In an aeroplane conduction and air operation
-Conducted united the supervision of an instructor who meets certain requirements or is approved by the director for intro-to-type training
What is the instructors required to do when conducting line training?
-Always act as PIC
-Must occupy a pilot station when supervising a pilot looking for a PIC position until the apprentice pilot has:
=performed 5 t/o and 5 landings on type
=demonstrated to the pilot instructor the ability to perform duties of the PIC for that type.
What records must be kept of training conducted under this rule part?
Record of all training required by this rule part that each crew member undertakes, for 12 months
What is classified as a part 125 operation?
Aerpolane that has;
-Passenger seating configuration 10-30 seats; OR
-Payload capacity of 3410kg or less and MCTOW of more than 5700kg; OR
-Performing a SEIFR passenger operation
What crew member grace provisions are made under part 125?
Any test, check, assessment that is required that is completed within preceding 60 days is deemed to be completed on the date is is required to be completed
To conduct SEIFR with passengers, what must the AO certificate holder ensure?
-SEIFR Pax operation is specified in certificate holder's operations specifications
-Performed in accordance with CAR125
-Aeroplane has pax seating config of 14 or less, and payload capacity of 3410kg or less
What must the AO cert. holder ensure with respect to aeroplane airworthiness? What about if it is SEIFR?
-Every aircraft operated under the cert has a current standard category airworthiness certificate
-Must be certified by an ICAO contracting state as:
=Comply with FAR23 or equivalent airworthiness standards
-Propeller model, and engine model and accessories required for continued operation those parts has:
=minimum of 100,000hours in service on the same type of aeroplane
=Same combo of prop, engine and accessories has demonstrated mechanical IFSD rate of not more than 1/100,000
What must a cert holder do if they wish to conduct SEIFR and it is not already on the cert holders operational specifications?
-Conduct proving flights and tests to satisfy the director that it can meet any relevant requirement in this/ other rule parts
-Flight tests must be performed in manner acceptable to the director
What is the rule about common language of crew members?
-All crew able to communicate in a common language, with at least one able to communicate in English
-All operations personnel are able to understand the language in which the applicable parts of the cert holder's exposition are written
What must the AO cert holder do with respect to the flight preparation of a 125 operation?
-Appropriate info available for PIC to complete preparation
-Flight plan meets part 91 requirements, and if not done by PIC, that they are aware of it contents
-IF VFR: multi leg route SARTIME must be updated for next AD of intended landing
-Flight plan must be submitted to appropriate ATS unit by PIC or operations persons OR flight must be under flight following service under 119
-Flight plan not required if air operation under VFR if it is a non-stop flight that departs and arrives at the same place and remains within 25nm of aerodrome
What must be done with respect to SAR information?
-Relevant SAR information for the area being flown over is carried on board all
What must be done with respect to emergency and survival equipment information? What must it include?
-AO cert holder must have available for immediate communication to rescuers information on emergency and survival equipment carried on board each of its aeroplanes
-For AO more than 50nm from shore must include;
=No. colour and type of life rafts
=If pyrotechnics carried
=Details of emergency medical and water supplies
=Type and operating frequencies of any emergency portable radio equipment
What 3 things must the AO cert holder's fuel policy include? What sub parts? What is its purpose?
-Purpose is for planning and en-route replanning
-Take into account:
=Reserve fuel consisting of;
+Final reserve fuel
+Addition fuel if required by type of operation
What things should the fuel policy take into account when being developed?
-Procedures, tables and graphs derived from manufacturers manuals and conform to type certificate parameters
-Operational conditions the flight is planned to be in
=Fuel consumption rate
=Geography of destination
=Effect on consumption of contingencies
What should the flight check system required under 125 include?
-Instructions/ guidelines for safe & efficient flight deck management
-Methods to ensure the safe conduct of flight
-Procedures/ checks that comply with AFM and manufacturer technical and safety instructions
=expanded checklists in the operations manual
=abbreviated checklists for quick reference, including emergency procedures
How must crew use cockpit checklists in a 125 operation?
Must use a cockpit checklist in accordance with the flight check system required;
-Before, during and after every phase of the operations
-In non-normal and emergency situations
What 5 points must be ensured to maximise passenger safety on a 125 flight?
-Pax seated where, in an emergency, they will not hinder evacuation of the aircraft; and
-any pax who appears to be under the influence of alcohol or drugs to an extent safety of plane or people is likely to be endangered, is refused embarkation, or disembarked where appropriate, and
-disabled pax are appropriately cared for, including appropriate seating and assistance in an emergency
-escorted pax do not pose safety hazard, and prior arrangements are made in accordance with cert holders exposition; and
-the PIC is notified when a disabled person or escorted passenger is to be carried on board the aeroplane
Who is allowed in the forward compartment of a 125 operation? What requirements must be met?
-Shall carry no person other than flight crew assigned to the flight unless;
=person is permitted by the PIC and is;
==A crew member, or
==Authorised representative of the director, or
==Permitted by the AO cert holder, in accordance with procedures in exposition
-That person must be made familiar with appropriate safety procedures specified in the exposition
What is the rule regarding the manipulation of controls?
-No person shall manipulate the controls unless
=They are a flight crew member
=authorised representative of the director who has permission of AO cert holder and PIC, AND is performing a required duty