Flashcards in Ankle and Foot Region Deck (14):
What nerve roots cause referred pain in the foot and ankle?
What are the 3 nerves subject to pressure and trauma in the ankle and foot?
- Common peroneal nerve
- Posterior tibial nerve
- Plantar and calcaneal nerves
What is hallux valgus?
aka hammer toe
- the great toe deviates laterally toward the second toe
What is hallux rigidus?
Stiff big toe caused by narrowing of the first MTP joint space.
May be caused by tying shoes too tight
What is pes valgus of the ankle?
deviation of the foot outward at the talocalcanean joint.
pes valgus results in increased ______.
What is pes varus of the ankle?
deviation of the foot inward at the talocalcanean joint.
pes varus results in increased ______.
Describe a grade 1 ankle sprain
Slight stretching and some damage to the ligament
Describe a grade 2 ankle sprain
Partial tearing of the ligament
Describe a grade 3 ankle sprain
Complete tear of the ligament
What is the most common mechanism of injury to the ankle?
In inverted ankle sprain injures what ligaments?
the anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments