Ankle and Foot Region Flashcards Preview

624: Acute Care Therapeutic Exercises > Ankle and Foot Region > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ankle and Foot Region Deck (14):
1

What nerve roots cause referred pain in the foot and ankle?

- L4
- L5
- S1

2

What are the 3 nerves subject to pressure and trauma in the ankle and foot?

- Common peroneal nerve
- Posterior tibial nerve
- Plantar and calcaneal nerves

3

What is hallux valgus?

aka hammer toe
- the great toe deviates laterally toward the second toe

4

What is hallux rigidus?

Stiff big toe caused by narrowing of the first MTP joint space.

May be caused by tying shoes too tight

5

What is pes valgus of the ankle?

deviation of the foot outward at the talocalcanean joint.

6

pes valgus results in increased ______.

Pronation

7

What is pes varus of the ankle?

deviation of the foot inward at the talocalcanean joint.

8

pes varus results in increased ______.

Supination

9

Describe a grade 1 ankle sprain

Slight stretching and some damage to the ligament

10

Describe a grade 2 ankle sprain

Partial tearing of the ligament

11

Describe a grade 3 ankle sprain

Complete tear of the ligament

12

What is the most common mechanism of injury to the ankle?

Inversion stress

13

In inverted ankle sprain injures what ligaments?

the anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments

14

A massive inversion stress injures what ligaments?

the anterior talofibular, calcaneofibular, and posterior talofibular ligaments