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Flashcards in Shoulder Region Deck (18):
1

3 organs that refer pain to the shoulder

- Diaphragm
- Heart
- Gallbladder irritation

2

Axillary crutches that are not fitted properly may cause injury to what?

the brachial plexus

3

Injury to the suprascapular notch may cause injury to what nerve?

Suprascapular nerve

4

Injury in the axilla may cause injury to what nerve?

radial nerve

5

5 Possible nonoperative causes of GH joint hypomobility

1) Rheumatoid arthritis
2) Osteoarthritis
3) Traumatic arthritis
4) Post immobilization arthritis or stiff shoulder
5) adhesive capsulitis

6

adhesive capsulitis is aka what?

Idiopathic frozen shoulder

7

What are the 3 phases of frozen shoulder?

Freezing
Frozen
Thawing

8

Describe the freezing phase of frozen shoulder

There is intense pain, even at rest, and limitation of motion by 2-3 weeks after onset

9

The freezing phase of frozen shoulder may last for how long?

10 - 36 weeks

10

Describe the frozen phase of frozen shoulder

There is pain only with movement, significant adhesions, limited GH motions, substitute motions in scapula

11

What muscles atrophy during the frozen phase of frozen shoulder?

deltoid, rotator cuff, bicep and triceps

12

The frozen phase of frozen shoulder may last for how long?

4 - 12 months

13

Describe the thawing phase of frozen shoulder

There is no pain and no synovitis, but there is significant capsular restrictions from adhesions

14

The thawing phase of frozen shoulder may last for how long?

2 0 24 months

15

Do all frozen shoulder patients regain normal ROM?

NO

16

Rotator cuff disease is caused by how many angle deformities?

Type I
Type II
Type III

17

How are angle deformities fixed?

They can be shaved down in surgery

18

2 types of RC repairs

- Partial-thickness
- Full-thickness