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624: Acute Care Therapeutic Exercises > Foundational Concepts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Foundational Concepts Deck (16):
1

4 Reasons why people seek PT?

- Physical Impairments
- Movement Disorders
- To improve their overall level of fitness
- Reduce risk of disease or injury

2

What should be the goals of a therapeutic exercise program?

The achievement of an optimal level of symptom-free movement during basic and complex physical activities

3

3 things that different forms of exercise affect

- Tissues of the body
- Body systems
- Physical function

4

What is a therapeutic exercise?

Systematic, planned performance of bodily movements, postures, or physical activities

5

The ability to maintain or move the body against gravity within the available BOS without falling is called what?

Balance

6

The ability to perform moderate-intensity, repetitive, total body movements over an extended period of time is called what?

Cardiopulmonary Fitness

7

Performing effective, guided, graded movements using the proper timing and sequencing of muscle firing and contraction intensity is called what?

Coordination

8

The ability to move freely without restrictions is called what?

Flexibility

9

The ability of the body (or body parts) to move to allow ROM for functional activities is called what?

Mobility

10

The capacity of muscles to produce tension to do physical work is called what?

Muscle Performance

11

The interaction of the sensory and motor systems to control the body in response to proprioceptive or kinesthetic information is called what?

Neuromuscular Control

12

5 Things neuromuscular control utilizes

- Synergists
- Agonists
- Antagonists
- Stabilizers
- Neutralizers

13

Define Postural control/stability/equilibrium

Static or dynamic balance

14

The ability of the neuromuscular system to hold a body segment in a stationary position against resistance is called what?

Stability

15

Therapeutic exercise programs should be _______.

INDIVIDUALIZED

16

How should a PT select a therapeutic exercise?

It is based on their professional judgment.
It should address the underlying cause/causes of patient’s impairments, functional limitations, or disability
It should also take into account the patient’s ability and tolerance