Flashcards in Range of Motion Deck (16):
What is ROM?
Amount of angular motion allowed at the joint between two bony levers
Define Functional Excursion
The distance a muscle is capable of shortening after it has been elongated to its maximum
What is Active Insufficiency
When a muscle can shorten no more
What is Passive Insufficiency?
When a muscle is fully elongate
What is a One-Joint Muscle?
Muscle in which its proximal and distal attachments are on the bone on either side of one joint
What is a Two-Joint Muscle?
Muscles that cross over two or more joints
Example: Rectis femoris in the quad
7 Causes for decreased ROM
- Systemic disease
- Joint disease
- Neurological disease
- Muscular disease
- Surgical insults
- Traumatic insults
- Inactivity or immobilization
What is PROM?
Movement of a segment within the unrestricted ROM that is produced entirely by an external force
4 Things that may produce PROM
- A machine
- Another individual
- Another part of the individual’s own body
What is AROM?
Movement of a segment within the unrestricted ROM that is produced by active contraction of the muscles crossing the joint
What is AAROM?
Type of AROM in which assistance is provided manually or mechanically by an outside force because the prime mover muscles need assistance to complete the motion
4 Examples of AAROM
Self-Stretch of Shoulder
What is CPM?
Continuous Passive ROM
Passive motion performed by a mechanical device that moves a joint slowly and continuously through a controlled ROM
4 Times PROM should be used
- Following a surgical repair of muscle or tissue recent surgery
- In areas of acute, inflamed tissue
- Incapacitated patient
- When a therapist is examining, teaching or demonstrating
2 Times AAROM should be used
- Patient has decreased strength
- They have injuries to joints both above and below