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624: Acute Care Therapeutic Exercises > Range of Motion > Flashcards

Flashcards in Range of Motion Deck (16):
1

What is ROM?

Amount of angular motion allowed at the joint between two bony levers

2

Define Functional Excursion

The distance a muscle is capable of shortening after it has been elongated to its maximum

3

What is Active Insufficiency

When a muscle can shorten no more

4

What is Passive Insufficiency?

When a muscle is fully elongate

5

What is a One-Joint Muscle?

Muscle in which its proximal and distal attachments are on the bone on either side of one joint
Example: Brachialis

6

What is a Two-Joint Muscle?

Muscles that cross over two or more joints
Example: Rectis femoris in the quad

7

7 Causes for decreased ROM

- Systemic disease
- Joint disease
- Neurological disease
- Muscular disease
- Surgical insults
- Traumatic insults
- Inactivity or immobilization

8

What is PROM?

Movement of a segment within the unrestricted ROM that is produced entirely by an external force

9

4 Things that may produce PROM

- Gravity
- A machine
- Another individual
- Another part of the individual’s own body

10

What is AROM?

Movement of a segment within the unrestricted ROM that is produced by active contraction of the muscles crossing the joint

11

What is AAROM?

Type of AROM in which assistance is provided manually or mechanically by an outside force because the prime mover muscles need assistance to complete the motion

12

4 Examples of AAROM

Pulleys
Wand
Finger Ladder
Self-Stretch of Shoulder

13

What is CPM?

Continuous Passive ROM
Passive motion performed by a mechanical device that moves a joint slowly and continuously through a controlled ROM

14

4 Times PROM should be used

- Following a surgical repair of muscle or tissue recent surgery
- In areas of acute, inflamed tissue
- Incapacitated patient
- When a therapist is examining, teaching or demonstrating

15

2 Times AAROM should be used

- Patient has decreased strength
- They have injuries to joints both above and below

16

When should AROM be used?

When the patient is able to contract the muscles actively and move a segment with or without assistance