Flashcards in Emergency Response Deck (19):
When does anaphylaxis occur?
When two or more body systems are affected by an allergen
What are the signs and symptoms of shock?
- Pale, moist, cool skin
- Shallow, irregular breathing
- Dilated pupils
- Weak, rapid pulse
- Dizziness or Nausea
- Syncope (fainting)
How should you position a person in shock?
Supine covered in a light blanket with feet elevated and the head turned to one side if neck injury is not suspected
What is the cause of orthostatic hypotension?
Decreased venous return from extremities to left ventricle of the heart; thus, decreased cardiac output
Describe sweating in heat exhaustion verses heat stroke
In heat exhaustion there is profuse diaphoresis, there is none in heat stroke
Describe breathing in heat exhaustion verses heat stroke
Breathing is shallow and rapid with heat exhaustion and strong and rapid with heat stroke
Temperatures of 106-110 degrees F are indicative of what?
Are pupils effected with heat exhaustion, what about heat stroke?
Pupils are normal with heat exhaustion, but they contract then dilate with heat stroke
The onset of hypoglycemia is ____ while the onset of hyperglycemia is _____.
Describe the appearance of the skin in hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia
Patients with hypoglycemia have skin that is pale and moist
Patients with hyperglycemia have skin that is flushed and dry
Describe breathing in hypoglycemia verses hyperglycemia
Breathing is shallow with hyperglycemia and deep and rapid with hyperglycemia
Are hypoglycemic patients hungry and thirsty?
They are hungry, but not thirsty
Are hyperglycemic patients hungry and thirsty?
They are thirsty, but not hungry
Which is more serious, hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia?
Hyperglycemia is a medical emergency
In what types of patients is Autonomic Hyperreflexia (Dysreflexia) present?
n patients with recent spinal cord injury (no lower than T6)
What triggers Autonomic Hyperreflexia (Dysreflexia)?
stimuli below the level of injury
What types of stimuli trigger Autonomic Hyperreflexia (Dysreflexia)?
- restrictive clothing
- full bladder
- pressure ulcers
- fecal impact
In autonomic hyperreflexia vaso____ occurs above the level of the injury and vaso____ occurs below the injury