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624: Acute Care Therapeutic Exercises > Emergency Response > Flashcards

Flashcards in Emergency Response Deck (19):
1

When does anaphylaxis occur?

When two or more body systems are affected by an allergen

2

What are the signs and symptoms of shock?

- Pale, moist, cool skin
- Shallow, irregular breathing
- Dilated pupils
- Weak, rapid pulse
- Sweating
- Dizziness or Nausea
- Syncope (fainting)

3

How should you position a person in shock?

Supine covered in a light blanket with feet elevated and the head turned to one side if neck injury is not suspected

4

What is the cause of orthostatic hypotension?

Decreased venous return from extremities to left ventricle of the heart; thus, decreased cardiac output

5

Describe sweating in heat exhaustion verses heat stroke

In heat exhaustion there is profuse diaphoresis, there is none in heat stroke

6

Describe breathing in heat exhaustion verses heat stroke

Breathing is shallow and rapid with heat exhaustion and strong and rapid with heat stroke

7

Temperatures of 106-110 degrees F are indicative of what?

heat stroke

8

Are pupils effected with heat exhaustion, what about heat stroke?

Pupils are normal with heat exhaustion, but they contract then dilate with heat stroke

9

The onset of hypoglycemia is ____ while the onset of hyperglycemia is _____.

sudden
gradual

10

Describe the appearance of the skin in hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia

Patients with hypoglycemia have skin that is pale and moist
Patients with hyperglycemia have skin that is flushed and dry

11

Describe breathing in hypoglycemia verses hyperglycemia

Breathing is shallow with hyperglycemia and deep and rapid with hyperglycemia

12

Are hypoglycemic patients hungry and thirsty?

They are hungry, but not thirsty

13

Are hyperglycemic patients hungry and thirsty?

They are thirsty, but not hungry

14

Which is more serious, hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia is a medical emergency

15

In what types of patients is Autonomic Hyperreflexia (Dysreflexia) present?

n patients with recent spinal cord injury (no lower than T6)

16

What triggers Autonomic Hyperreflexia (Dysreflexia)?

stimuli below the level of injury

17

What types of stimuli trigger Autonomic Hyperreflexia (Dysreflexia)?

- restrictive clothing
- full bladder
- pressure ulcers
- fecal impact

18

In autonomic hyperreflexia vaso____ occurs above the level of the injury and vaso____ occurs below the injury

vasocontrsiction

vasodilation

19

When performing CPR how many chest compressions to how many breaths?

30 chest compressions first followed by 2 breaths