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624: Acute Care Therapeutic Exercises > Effective Exercise Instruction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Effective Exercise Instruction Deck (15):

What is a motor task?

An exercise that the therapist teaches and expects a patient to learn


What does motor learning involve?

Acquisition and relatively permanent retention of a skilled movement or task through practice


3 Types of motor tasks

1) Discrete

2) Serial

3) Continuous


What is a discrete motor task?

an exercise that has a recognizable beginning and end


Examples of discrete motor tasks

- Isometric muscle contraction (quad set)
- Doing a push-up
- Locking a wheelchair
- Kicking a ball
- Lifting and lowering a weight
- Performing a hamstring stretch


What is a serial motor task?

An exercise made up of a series of discrete movements combined in a particular sequence


Examples of serial motor tasks

- Eating with a fork
- Wheelchair transfer
- Getting dressed


What is a continuous motor task?

An exercise that involves repetitive, uninterrupted movements that have no distinct beginning or ending


Examples of continuous motor tasks

- Walking
- Ascending/descending stairs
- Cycling


3 Stages of motor learning

1) Cognitive Stage

2) Associative Stage

3) Autonomous Stage


What occurs during the cognitive stage of motor learning?

The patient must figure out exactly what to do by thinking about each component or sequence, how their body is aligned, how far their body will move, and with what intensity or speed that should move.
This stage requires frequent feedback in order for the pt to perfect the exercise


What occurs during the associative stage of motor learning?

The patient works on fine-tuning the motor task while they may explore slight variations and modifications.


What occurs during the autonomous stage of motor learning?

The patient is able to perform the movements required for the motor task automatically and can easily adapt to variations in task demands


What 3 variables affect motor learning?

1) Pre-practice
- the interest the pt exhibits in the exercise when the PT instructs them through it
2) Practice
- the patient must repeatedly perform a movement or series of movements in a task in order to learn the specific motor task
3) Feedback
- the pt must get feedback form both themselves and their PT in order to know how well they performed an exercise and how it will improve their function


3 Factors Affecting Adherence of a motor task

1) A patient’s characteristics

2) Factors related to a patient’s health condition or impairments

3) Program-related variables