Flashcards in Effective Exercise Instruction Deck (15):
What is a motor task?
An exercise that the therapist teaches and expects a patient to learn
What does motor learning involve?
Acquisition and relatively permanent retention of a skilled movement or task through practice
3 Types of motor tasks
What is a discrete motor task?
an exercise that has a recognizable beginning and end
Examples of discrete motor tasks
- Isometric muscle contraction (quad set)
- Doing a push-up
- Locking a wheelchair
- Kicking a ball
- Lifting and lowering a weight
- Performing a hamstring stretch
What is a serial motor task?
An exercise made up of a series of discrete movements combined in a particular sequence
Examples of serial motor tasks
- Eating with a fork
- Wheelchair transfer
- Getting dressed
What is a continuous motor task?
An exercise that involves repetitive, uninterrupted movements that have no distinct beginning or ending
Examples of continuous motor tasks
- Ascending/descending stairs
3 Stages of motor learning
1) Cognitive Stage
2) Associative Stage
3) Autonomous Stage
What occurs during the cognitive stage of motor learning?
The patient must figure out exactly what to do by thinking about each component or sequence, how their body is aligned, how far their body will move, and with what intensity or speed that should move.
This stage requires frequent feedback in order for the pt to perfect the exercise
What occurs during the associative stage of motor learning?
The patient works on fine-tuning the motor task while they may explore slight variations and modifications.
What occurs during the autonomous stage of motor learning?
The patient is able to perform the movements required for the motor task automatically and can easily adapt to variations in task demands
What 3 variables affect motor learning?
- the interest the pt exhibits in the exercise when the PT instructs them through it
- the patient must repeatedly perform a movement or series of movements in a task in order to learn the specific motor task
- the pt must get feedback form both themselves and their PT in order to know how well they performed an exercise and how it will improve their function