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Flashcards in Antianxiety, Antidepression Deck (13)
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1

What are some charactertistics of affective disorders?

  • Disorders of mood
  • Affect 10-20% of Americans
  • More women than men

2

What is Unipolar Depression? 

One or more prolonged episodes of depression measured in weeks

3

What are common signs of depression seen in old and young people?

  • Old - insomnia
  • Young - sleep

4

What are the 2 subtypes of Unipolar Depression?

  • Primary Depression (endogenous)
  • Secondary Depression (exogenous)

5

What are the characteristics of primary depression?

  • Chemical imbalance
  • Responds to antidepressents

 

6

What are the characteristics of secondary depression?

  • Chronologically occurs with pre-existing nonaffective disorders, and develops because of nonaffective disorders

7

How is bipolar disorder classified?

Manic-depressive disorder - wide swings in mood from depressions to mania

8

Comorbidity between anxiety disorders and major depression exceeds _____?

50%

9

What are some causes of depression?

  • Imbalance in neurotransmitters
  • Low levels of serotonin

10

What does serotonin do and how does it relate to symptoms of depression?

  • Elevates mood
  • Helps fall asleep and have good sleep
  • Helps you feel full after eating

Symptoms of depression - follow same pattern:

  • Depressed mood
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Fluctuations in weight

11

What are affective disorders associated with, concerning their etiology?

Noradrenergic and serotonergic neurotransmission in the brain

12

What is the biogenic amine hypothesis for affective disorders?

  • Depressions related to decreased levels of synaptically released norepinephrine and or serotonin in brain
  • Mania is a result of an excess of these transmitters

13

What's the limitation of the biogenic amine hypothesis for affective disorders?

  • While antidepressents increase extracellular levels of neurotransmitters almost immediately, but their therapeutic effects are seen only after several weeks of treatment. (6-8 weeks)
  • Improves receptor function - an additional theory