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Pharmacology > Antibiotics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antibiotics Deck (53):
1

PCN in candy terms is?

M&M Plain

2

2 Antibiotics in PCN class are?

1. PCN-G
2. Ampicillin

3

PCN is effective against & Indicated for?

Gram + Cocci bacteria's
Tx:
Pneumonia
Meningitis

4

Is PCN tolerated well?

Though bc of its age there are common allergies it is for the most part very well tolerated

5

Is PCN bactericidal or bacteriostatic?

PCN is bactericidal.
Weakens cell-wall, water comes through, which kills the organism.

6

Some adverse effects of PCN are?

1. Anaphylaxis
2. Cardiac arrest
3. Rash

7

RN Implication & Teaching for PCN Include

Most important question:1. R U Allergic to PCN? What was your reaction?
2. Monitor ECG
3. Take on empty stomach

8

PCN Contraindication

Renal failure

9

Cephalosporins in candy terms

M&M Peanut

10

1 Antibiotic in cephalosporin class is?

claforan

11

Ceph/claforan effective against & Indicated for?

Gram - Bacteria
Lower respiratory infection
CNS Infection
Bone Infection
Blood infection
Joint infection

12

Is cephalosporin bactericidal or bacteriostatic?

Bactericidal
Work the same as PCN

13

How many meds are in Cephalosporan class?

Many. they are classified by generation:
Gen 1 & 2 are weaker
Gen 3 & 4 can cross blood brain barrier into the CSF.

14

Some adverse effects of claforan are?

1. GI effects such as N/V/D
2. Pain @ injection site

15

PCN and Cephalosporins have similar properties?

Possible cross-sensitivity

16

RN Implication & Teaching for Cephalosporines

Ask most important question: R U allergic to PCN? What was your reaction?
1. Take c food
2. Avoid alcohol
Monitor renal & hepatic labs

17

Tetracyclines in candy terms:

Mike & Ike Zours

18

2 tetracyclin antibiotics are:

Tetracyclin
achromycin

19

Tetracyclin is effective against & Indicated for?
Remember it is not a well liked candy...

Gram + & - Like Mycoplasma
Broad-spectrum
1. H. Pylori-Peptic ulcers
2. Rocky Mt Spotted fever
3. Typhus
4. STD

20

Is tetracyclin bactericidal or static?

Bacteriostatic
It inhibits bacterial protein synthesis

21

Adverse effects of tetracyclin are?

1. Photosensitivity
2. Superinfection
3. Epigastric Burning

22

RN Implication & Teaching & Contraindication for tetracyclin

1. Avoid Ca+ & other minerals
2. Discolors teeth
3. Do not give to children under 8
4. Monitor renal & hepatic function

23

Name an antibiotic in the macrolide class:

Erythromycin

24

Is erythromycin bactericidal or bacteriostatic?

Bacteriostatic.
Inhibits protein synthesis

25

Erythromycin is most effective & Indicated in?

Gram + & -
Pertussis & C-Diph
STD- Gonorrhoeae

26

Some adverse effects of erythromycin

1. Ototoxicity
2. Hepatoxicity
3. Superinfections

27

RN Implication & Teaching for erythromycin

Avoid alcohol use
Avoid anticonvulsants
Monitor hepatic lab levels

27

Fluoroquinolones in terms of candy

Whoppers

28

1 antibiotic in Fluoroquinolone class

Ciproflaxacin

29

Is cipro bactericidal or bacteriostatic?

Bacteriostatic broad-spectrum

30

Fluorocquinolones most effective against & Indicated for:

Gram -
1. Respiratory
2. GI
3. GU
4. Ophthalmic Infections

31

Adverse effects related to Fluoroquinolones

1. Whopper melts in sun=Photosensitivity/photophobia
2. Carrying around a big gun=Achilles tendon rupture

32

Aminoglycoside in terms of candy

Hot Tamales

33

RN Implication & teaching for fluroquinolones

1. Malted center=avoid Ca+
2. Monitor WBC
3. Monitor kidney and liver function

34

1 med in aminoglycoside class

Gentamicin

35

Is gentamicin bactericidal or static?

Bactericidal narrow/broad-spectrum

36

Aminoglycosides are most effective & Indicated for?

Gram - bacteria
1. E. coli
2. Klebsiella
3. Respiratory
4. Nervous

37

Adverse effects for aminoglycosides

1. HOT=Ototoxicity
2. HOT=Nephrotoxicity
3. Neuromuscular blockade

38

RN Implication & Teaching for aminoglycosides

1. Monitor renal & hepatic function
2. Do not take c multivitamin
3. Do not use on children

39

Sulfonomides in terms of candy

Lemon drops

40

1 Sulfonomide med

Bactrim

41

Are sulfonomides bactericidal or static?

Bacteriostatic

42

Sulfonomides are most effective against & Indicated for

Gram + & -
1. Lemon drops R yellow= UTI

43

Are sulfonomides Broad-spectrum or Narrow-spectrum?

Broad-spectrum

44

Adverse effects associated c sulfonomides

1. Sour=Decrease renal function
2. Yellow/sun=Photosensitivity
3. STEVENS-JOHNSON SYNDROM

45

RN Implication & Teaching for sulfonomides

1. Monitor WBC
2. Drink lots of fluids

46

TB Medication in terms of candy

Jolly Ranchers Cinnamon Fire

47

4 TB medications

1. Isoniazid
2. Rifampin
3. Ehtambutol
4. Stemptomycin

48

Contraindications for TB meds

1. AIDS
2. Hx of alcohol abuse
3. Liver disease
4. Kidney Disease

49

Adverse effects associated c TB meds

1. Liver damage
2. Nerve damage
3. Visual damage

50

RN Implication & Teaching for TB

1. Avoid foods c tyramine
2. Lasts 6-12 months
3. Urine turns red/orange
4. Monitor liver function

51

Vancomycin effective against

MRSA A big gun

52

Adverse effects of Vancomycin

1. Ototoxicity
2. Nephrotoxicity
3. Red-man syndrome