Flashcards in Antibiotics Deck (53):
PCN in candy terms is?
2 Antibiotics in PCN class are?
PCN is effective against & Indicated for?
Gram + Cocci bacteria's
Is PCN tolerated well?
Though bc of its age there are common allergies it is for the most part very well tolerated
Is PCN bactericidal or bacteriostatic?
PCN is bactericidal.
Weakens cell-wall, water comes through, which kills the organism.
Some adverse effects of PCN are?
2. Cardiac arrest
RN Implication & Teaching for PCN Include
Most important question:1. R U Allergic to PCN? What was your reaction?
2. Monitor ECG
3. Take on empty stomach
Cephalosporins in candy terms
1 Antibiotic in cephalosporin class is?
Ceph/claforan effective against & Indicated for?
Gram - Bacteria
Lower respiratory infection
Is cephalosporin bactericidal or bacteriostatic?
Work the same as PCN
How many meds are in Cephalosporan class?
Many. they are classified by generation:
Gen 1 & 2 are weaker
Gen 3 & 4 can cross blood brain barrier into the CSF.
Some adverse effects of claforan are?
1. GI effects such as N/V/D
2. Pain @ injection site
PCN and Cephalosporins have similar properties?
RN Implication & Teaching for Cephalosporines
Ask most important question: R U allergic to PCN? What was your reaction?
1. Take c food
2. Avoid alcohol
Monitor renal & hepatic labs
Tetracyclines in candy terms:
Mike & Ike Zours
2 tetracyclin antibiotics are:
Tetracyclin is effective against & Indicated for?
Remember it is not a well liked candy...
Gram + & - Like Mycoplasma
1. H. Pylori-Peptic ulcers
2. Rocky Mt Spotted fever
Is tetracyclin bactericidal or static?
It inhibits bacterial protein synthesis
Adverse effects of tetracyclin are?
3. Epigastric Burning
RN Implication & Teaching & Contraindication for tetracyclin
1. Avoid Ca+ & other minerals
2. Discolors teeth
3. Do not give to children under 8
4. Monitor renal & hepatic function
Name an antibiotic in the macrolide class:
Is erythromycin bactericidal or bacteriostatic?
Inhibits protein synthesis
Erythromycin is most effective & Indicated in?
Gram + & -
Pertussis & C-Diph
Some adverse effects of erythromycin
RN Implication & Teaching for erythromycin
Avoid alcohol use
Monitor hepatic lab levels
Fluoroquinolones in terms of candy
1 antibiotic in Fluoroquinolone class
Is cipro bactericidal or bacteriostatic?
Fluorocquinolones most effective against & Indicated for:
4. Ophthalmic Infections
Adverse effects related to Fluoroquinolones
1. Whopper melts in sun=Photosensitivity/photophobia
2. Carrying around a big gun=Achilles tendon rupture
Aminoglycoside in terms of candy
RN Implication & teaching for fluroquinolones
1. Malted center=avoid Ca+
2. Monitor WBC
3. Monitor kidney and liver function
1 med in aminoglycoside class
Is gentamicin bactericidal or static?
Aminoglycosides are most effective & Indicated for?
Gram - bacteria
1. E. coli
Adverse effects for aminoglycosides
3. Neuromuscular blockade
RN Implication & Teaching for aminoglycosides
1. Monitor renal & hepatic function
2. Do not take c multivitamin
3. Do not use on children
Sulfonomides in terms of candy
1 Sulfonomide med
Are sulfonomides bactericidal or static?
Sulfonomides are most effective against & Indicated for
Gram + & -
1. Lemon drops R yellow= UTI
Are sulfonomides Broad-spectrum or Narrow-spectrum?
Adverse effects associated c sulfonomides
1. Sour=Decrease renal function
3. STEVENS-JOHNSON SYNDROM
RN Implication & Teaching for sulfonomides
1. Monitor WBC
2. Drink lots of fluids
TB Medication in terms of candy
Jolly Ranchers Cinnamon Fire
4 TB medications
Contraindications for TB meds
2. Hx of alcohol abuse
3. Liver disease
4. Kidney Disease
Adverse effects associated c TB meds
1. Liver damage
2. Nerve damage
3. Visual damage
RN Implication & Teaching for TB
1. Avoid foods c tyramine
2. Lasts 6-12 months
3. Urine turns red/orange
4. Monitor liver function
Vancomycin effective against
MRSA A big gun