Lower Respiratory Medications Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Lower Respiratory Medications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lower Respiratory Medications Deck (28):
1

Name 1 Corticosteroid

1. Fluticasone (Flovent)

2

Corticosteroid Mechanism of Action

Anti-Inflammatory to decrease airway obstruction

3

Corticosteroid treats or is prophylactic for...?

To prevent asthma attack

4

Corticosteroid Adverse Effects are...

1. Cough
2. Pharyngeal irritation
3. Dry Mouth
4. Oral fungus **
5. Hoarsness

5

Corticosteroid Contraindication

1. Not for acute attacks **
2. Acute respiratory infection
3. Hypoglycemia

6

Corticosteroid RN Implication

1. Inhalation reduces systemic adverse effects
2. Wash mouth out after inhalation

7

Name 2 Beta Agonist Medications

1. Albuterol
2. Salmeterol

8

Beta Agonist Mechanism of Action

Bronchodilate- Works @ Beta 2 receptor

9

Beta Agonist Treatment by...?

Emergency bronchoconstriction & prevention

10

Beta Agonist Adverse Effects

SNS Response

11

Beta Agonist Contraindication

1. Cardiovascular disease
2. HTN
3. Thyroid disease
4. Drug Interaction
a. MAOI
b. Adrenergic Antagonist

12

Beta Agonist RN Implication

Teach correct method of administration

13

Name 1 Anticholinergic Medication

1. Atrovent

14

Anticholinergic Mechanism of Action

Inhibits bronchoconstriction

15

Anticholinergic Tx

1. Asthma
2. COPD
3. Airway constriction

16

Anticholinergic Adverse Effects

1. Dry mouth
2. Sore throat
3. Coughing
4. Headache **
5. Anxiety **

17

Anticholinergic Contraindication

1. Allergy to peanuts*
2. Acute bronchospasm
3. Hypersensativity to atropine
4. Drug Interaction
a. MAOI
b. Cholinergic agonist
c. adrenergic agonist

18

Anticholinergic RN Implication

Watch for and report urinary retention

19

Xanthine Derivative Mechanism of Action

Relaxes smooth muscle of respiratory tract, Similar to caffeine

20

Xanthine Derivative Tx

Long term management of asthma that is unresponsive to beta agonist & corticosteroids

21

Xanthine Derivative Adverse Effects

1. Headache
2. Nervousness
3. Tachycardia
4. N/V

22

Xanthine Derivative Contraindication

1. Coronary artery disease
2. Renal disease
3. Drug Interaction
a. Antibiotics
b. Beta blockers

23

Xanthine Derivative Implication

1. Take oral on empty stomach
2. Avoid smoking or keep consistent

24

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist Mechanism of Action

Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory

25

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist Tx

Management of asthma symptoms

26

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist Adverse Effects

1. Headache
2. Dizziness
3. Myalgia
4. N/V/D/
5. Elevated liver enzymes

27

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist Contraindication

1. Hepatic & Renal dysfunction (Not used for acute attacks
2. Drug Implications
a. Warfarin
b. Theophyline

28

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist Implication

1. Administer on empty stomach
2. Monitor theophyline
3. INR/PT