Parkinson's Medications Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Parkinson's Medications Deck (15):
1

Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease

1. Tremors
2. Muscle rigidity
3. Bradykinesia
4. Postural instability
5. Affective flattening

2

Cause of Parkinson's

1. Degeneration & destruction-producing neurons
a. Substantia nigra portion of brain
2. Corpus striatum
a. Normally controls unconsciousness muscle movement

3

Rx therapy for Parkinson's

1. Restores dopamine fxn
2. Blocks Ach

4

RN Implication for Parkinson's

1. Monitor hypotension & tachycardia
2. Look for symptoms of Rx toxicity
3. Contraindicated in narrow-angle glaucoma

5

Name 2 classification medication for Parkinson's

1. Dopaminergic
2. Anticholinergic

6

Name 2 Rx for Parkinson's in Dopaminergic class

1. Larodopa
2. Sinement

7

Mechanism of action for Dopaminergics

Increase biosynthesis of dopamine within nerve terminals

8

Dopaminergic Rx Tx...?

Parkinson's symptoms

9

Dopaminergic Adverse Effect

1. Dizziness
2. Sleep
3. Dysfunction
4. Constipation
5. Orthostatic Hypotension

10

Name 1 Rx for Parkinson's Anticholinergic class

1. Cogentin

11

Cogentin mechanism of action

Blocks Ach, inhibits overactive brain

12

Cogentin Tx

Early stages of Parkinson's

13

Cogentin Adverse Effect

1. Dry mouth
2. Blurred vision
3. Photophobia
4. SNS RESPONSE
5. Tachycardia
6. Urinary retention

14

Cogentin RN Implications & Teaching

1. Wear sunglasses
2. Take c food
3. Avoid alcohol
4. Do not stop taking abruptly

15

Dopaminergic RN Implications & Teaching

1. Increase fiber & fluids
2. Do Not Abruptly stop
3. Avoid foods c pyidoxine