Upper Respiratory Medication Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Upper Respiratory Medication > Flashcards

Flashcards in Upper Respiratory Medication Deck (28):
1

Name 2 Antitussive-Opioids

1. Codeine
2. Hydrocodone (hycodan)

2

Antitussive-Opioids Mechanism of action

Raises cough threshold in the brain

3

Antitussive-Opioids Tx

Cough

4

Antitussive-Opioids Adverse Effect

1. CNS Depressant
2. Dependency
3. Dizziness
4. Respiratory Depression
5. Arrhythmia

5

Antitussive-Opioids Contraindicated

1. Asthma
2. COPD
3. Drug Interaction
a. CNS Depressants
b. Alcohol
c. MAOI

6

Antitussive-Opioids Implication

1. Narcan is the Antidote***
2. Ask pt if on ACEI

7

Name 1 Antitussive-Nonopioids

1. Robitussin

8

Antitussive-Nonopioids Mechanism of Action

Raises cough threshold in the brain

9

Antitussive-Nonopioids Tx

Cough

10

Antitussive-Nonopioids Adverse Effects

1. Dizziness
2. Drowsiness
3. N/V
4. Stomach pain

11

Antitussive-Nonopioids Contraindicated

Asthma

12

Antitussive-Nonopioids Implication

Ask pt if on ACEI

13

Name 3 Decongestants

1. Atrovent-Anticholinergic
2. Phenylephrine
3. pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)-Sympathetamitic

14

Decongestants Mechanism of Action

Vasodilation

15

Decongestants Tx

Nasel congestion

16

Decongestants Advers Effects

1. May cause stinging
2. Excessive dryness
3. Rebound congestion

17

Decongestants Contraindication

1. MAOI
2. Antidepressants
3. HTN
4. Cardiac disease
5. DM

18

Decongestants Implication

Intranasal - Use only 3-5 days due to rebound congestion

19

Name 1 Expectorant

Mucinex

20

Expectorant Mechanism of Action

Reduces thickness of bronchial secretions

21

Expectorant Tx

Excessive mucous production

22

Expectorant Adverse Effects

1. N/V
2. Drowsiness

23

Expectorant Contraindication

1. Drug Interaction
a. Antiplatelet
b. Anticoagulant

24

Expectorant Implication

Hydration is the best expectorant**

25

Name 2 major Antihistamines

1. 1st= Benadryl, Dimetapp
2. 2nd=Claritin, Allegra

26

Antihistamines Mechanism of Action

Histamine H1 receptor antagonist, blocks histamine receptors

27

Antihistamines Tx

1. Allergies
2. Motion sickness
3. Insomnia

28

Antihistamines Adverse Effects

1. Drowsiness (1st Gen)
2. Headache
3. Fatigue