Antidotes Flashcards Preview

Step 1 Pharmacology > Antidotes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antidotes Deck (21):
1

What is the antidote for Acetaminophen?

N-acetylcysteine (replenishes glutathione)

2

What is the antidote for AChE inhibitors, organophosphates?

Atropine followed by pralidoxime

3

What is the antidote for Amphetamines (basic)?

NH4Cl (acidify urine)

4

What is the antidote for Antimuscarinic, anticholinergic agents?

Physostigmine salicylate, control hyperthermia

5

What is the antidote for Benzodiazepines?

Flumazenil

6

What is the antidote for β-blockers?

Glucagon

7

What is the antidote for CO?

100% O2, hyperbaric O2

8

What is the antidote for Copper, Arsenic, Gold?

Penicillamine

9

What is the antidote for Cyanide?

Nitrate + thiosulfate, hydroxocobalamin

10

What is the antidote for Digitalis?

Anti-Dig Fab fragments

11

What is the antidote for Heparin?

Protamine sulfate

12

What is the antidote for Iron?

Deferoxamine, deferasirox

13

What is the antidote for Lead?

EDTA, dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine

14

What is the antidote for Mercury, Arsenic, Gold?

Dimercaprol (BAL), succimer

15

What is the antidote for Methanol, ethylene glycol (antifreeze)?

Fomepizole > ethanol, dialysis

16

What is the antidote for Methemoglobin?

Methylene blue, vitamin C

17

What is the antidote for Opioids?

Naloxone

18

What is the antidote for Salicylates?

NaHCO3 (alkalinize urine), dialysis

19

What is the antidote for TCAs?

NaHCO3 (plasma alkalinization)

20

What is the antidote for tPA, streptokinase, urokinase?

Aminocaproic acid

21

What is the antidote for Warfarin?

Vitamin K, plasma (if active bleeding)