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Flashcards in Antiseizure Deck (15)
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1

PHENYTOIN stands for?

P450
Hirsutism
ENlarged gums
Yellow skin
Tocolytic
Osteomalacia
Interferes Vit B12
Neuropathy

2

Blocks Na channels
GTC Seizures
Tigeminal Neuragla

Carbamazepine

3

Carbamazepine SE

Diplopia
ataxia
Teratogenic

4

Increases GABA A Action
Febrile Seizure
Firs line for pregnancy

Phenobarbital

5

Phenobarbital SE

Decrease RR
CNS depression

6

Used for all types of seizures
CI in pregnancy
Inhibits Na Channels
Increases GABA concentration
Hepatotoxic
Inhibits P450

Valproic Acid

7

Things that causes seizures

and drugs that inhibits them

Na channel opens
Increased glutamate
Too little GABA
Too much Ca

Phenytoin
Valproic acid
Cabamazepine

8

CP450 inducers

Carbamazepine
Phenobarbital
Phenytoin
rifampin

9

CP450 Inhibitors

Amiodarone
Cimetidine
azole antifungals
ritonavir

10

Suicide inhibitors(irreversibly inhibit metabolizing enzyme

PTU
Spinirolactone
allopurinol
fluroxene
secobarbital

11

VALPROATE stands for?

Vomiting
Alopecia
Liver toxicity
Pancytopenia
Retention of fats
Oedema
Appetite increase
Tremors
Enzyme inducer

12

inhibits Ca+ influx
Causes SJS

Ehtosuxamide

13

Prevents CAD
Causes Wernickes korsakoff syndrome
Dilated cardiomyopathy

Ethanol

14

Fatal amount of Ethanol

400mg/L

15

Hobnail cells are found in?

End stage cirrhosis