AP Gov Ch.10 Viridian Leal Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in AP Gov Ch.10 Viridian Leal Deck (22):
1

public opinion

What the public thinks about a particular issue or set of issues at any point in time

2

public opinion polls

interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used to estimate the feelings and beliefs of the entire population

3

George Gallup

One of the earliest developers of scientific methods for public opinion polling and a proponent for a strong role for the voice of the public in politics and government

4

straw poll

Unscientific survey used to gauge public opinion on a variety of issues and policies

5

sample

A subset of the whole population selected to be questioned for the purposes of prediction or gauging opinion

6

American National Election Studies (ANES)

Founded in 1952 by the researchers at the University of Michigan and Stanford University, ANES collects data on the political attitudes and behavior among voters, such as party affiliation, voting practices, and opinions on parties and candidates.

7

push polls

Polls taken for the purposes of providing information on an opponent that would lead respondents to vote against that candidate

8

population

The entire group of people whose attitudes a researcher wishes to measure

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random sampling

A method of poll selection that gives each person in a group the same change of being selected

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stratified sampling

A variation of random sampling; the population is divided into subgroups and weighted based on demographic characteristics of the national population

11

tracking polls

Continuous surveys that enable a campaign or news organization to chart a candidate's daily or weekly rise or fall in support

12

exit polls

Polls conducted as voters leave selected polling places on Election Day

13

margin of error

A measure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll within statistical parameters

14

sampling error

Errors resulting from the size or the quality of a survey sample

15

political ideology

The coherent set of values and the beliefs about the purpose and scope of government held by groups and individuals

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conservative

one who favors limited government intervention, particularly in economic affairs

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social conservative

One who believes that the government should support the further traditional moral teachings

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liberal

One who favors greater government intervention, particularly in economic affairs and in the provision of social services

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moderate

A person who takes a relatively centrist or middle-of-the-road view on most political issues

20

statist

One who believes in extensive government control of personal and economic liberties

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libertarian

One who believes in limited government interference in personal and economic liberties

22

political socialization

The process through which individuals acquire their political beliefs and values