Political Jargon Flashcards Preview

APGOVSUM18 Leal Viridian > Political Jargon > Flashcards

Flashcards in Political Jargon Deck (50):
1

"The Hill"

An American political newspaper and website published in Washington, D.C (1994)

2

Bipartisan

the agreement or cooperation of two political parties who oppose each other

3

Blue State

a U.S state that predominantly votes for or supports the Democratic Party

4

Bully Pulpit

a public office or position of authority that provides its occupant with an outstanding opportunity to speak out on any issue

5

Coattails Effect

(aka down-ballot effect) the tendency for a popular political party leader to attract votes for other candidates of the same party in an election

6

Conservative

holding to traditional attitudes and values and cautious about change or innovation

7

Constituent

being a voting member of a community or organization and having the power to appoint or elect

8

Demographics

statistical data relating to the population and particular groups within it

9

Earmark

Funds set aside for a specific purpose

10

Entitlements

benefits guaranteed by law to individuals by the federal government, such as social security

11

Flip-fopper

a sudden reversal, unexpected change in a policy, value, or belief

12

Free-Rider Problem

occurs when those who benefit from resources, public goods, or services do not pay for them

13

Gender Gap

The differences between men and women

14

Gerrymandering

manipulate the boundaries of an electoral constituency

15

GOP

The Grand Old Party is one of the two major political parties in the U.S

16

Grassroots

the most basic level of an activity or organization

17

Grindlock

deadlock or political stalemate refers to a situation when there is difficulty passing laws that satisfy the needs of the people

18

Independent Expenditure

a political campaign communication that expressly advocates for the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate that is not made in cooperation

19

Inside the Beltway

The area inside the Capital Beltway encircling Washington, D.C

20

K Street

K Street is a major thoroughfare in the United States capital of Washington, D.C. where lobbyists, and advocacy groups often gather

21

Lameduck

an official in the final period of office

22

Liberal

open to new behavior or opinions

23

Libertarian

political philosophies and movements that uphold liberty as a core principle

24

Litigation

the process of taking legal action

25

Lobbyist

a person who takes part in an organized attempt to influence legislators

26

Logrolling

the trading of favors

27

Mandate

an official order or commission

28

Partisan

a committed member of a political party

29

Party Platform

a political party's formal statement of its basic principles, objectives, and positions on major issues

30

Polarization

division into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs

31

Political Action Committee (PAC)

an organization that raises money privately to influence elections or legislation, especially at the federal level

32

Political Culture

the manifestation of the psychological and subjective dimensions of politics

33

Political Efficacy

is the citizens' faith and trust in government

34

Political Socialization

the process by which people form their ideas about politics

35

Political Suicide

an action one makes, destroying political chances

36

Pork Barrel Spending

a metaphor for the appropriation of government spending for localized projects secured solely or primarily to bring money to a representative's district

37

POTUS

The U.S president

38

Rank and File

the ordinary members of an organization as opposed to its leaders

39

Red State

US state that predominantly votes for or supports the Republican Party

40

Red Tape

excessive bureaucracy or adherence to rules and formalities, especially in public business

41

Safe Seat

a legislative seat that is likely to be retained with a large majority in an election

42

SCOTUS

the U.S Supreme Court

43

Sound Bite

A piece of a person speaking during a video or speech. Sig- The use of sound bites in this day and time is to make fun of politicians

44

Spin Control

the act or practice of attempting to manipulate the way an event is interpreted by others

45

Stump Speech

a standard speech used by a politician running for office

46

Super PAC

a type of independent political action committee which may raise unlimited sums of money from corporations, unions, and individuals but is not permitted to contribute to or coordinate directly with parties or candidates

47

Superdelegate

(in the Democratic Party) an un-elected delegate who is free to support any candidate for the presidential nomination at the party's national convention

48

Swing State

a US state where the two major political parties have similar levels of support among voters, viewed as important in determining the overall result of a presidential election

49

Talking Points

a topic that invites discussion and argument

50

Whistle Blower

a person who informs others of corruption or wrongdoing