AP Gov Ch.7 Viridian Leal Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in AP Gov Ch.7 Viridian Leal Deck (20):
1

president

the chief executive officer of the United States, as established by Article 2 of the U.S Constitution

The president of the U.S can run for two, four-year terms.

2

vice president

an officer created by Article 2 of the U.S Constitution to preside over the U.S Senate and to fill any vacancy in the office of president due to death, resignation, removal, or disability.

The Vice president is elected by the president.

3

Twenty-Second Amendment

Adopted in 1951; prevents presidents from serving more than two terms, or more than ten years if they came to office via the death, resignation, or removal of their processor.

After Franklin D. Roosevelt passed, Americans began to recognize that having a president for more than eight years was bad for the country therefore Congress passed the 22nd Amendment.

4

Watergate

A scandal in the early 1970s involving a break-in at the Democratic National Committee offices in the Watergate office complex. The involvement of members of the Nixon administration and subsequent cover-up attempts led to President Richard Nixon's resignation from office and jail sentences for some members of his administration.

President Richard Nixon is said to have resigned due to the Watergate scandal.

5

executive privilege

An implied presidential power that allows the president to refuse to disclose information regarding confidential conversations or national security to Congress or the judiciary.

The Supreme Court determined in United States v. Nixon, that executive privilege doesn’t apply if documents are subpoenaed for a criminal trial.

6

U.S. v. Nixon (1974)

Supreme Court ruling on power of the president, holding that no absolute constitutional executive privilege allows a president to refuse to comply with a court order to produce information needed in a criminal trial.

In the U.S. v. Nixon case, the Supreme Court ordered President Nixon to deliver the tape recordings and other subpoenaed materials to a federal district court.

7

Presidential Succession Act

A 1947 law enacted by Congress that provides for the filling of any simultaneous vacancy of the presidency and vice presidency.

The Presidential Succession Act places the Speaker of the House as successor in the absence of the president and vice president.

8

Twenty-Fifth Amendment

Adopted in 1967 to establish procedures for filling vacancies in the office of president and vice president as well as providing for procedures to deal with the disability of a president.

The 25th Amendment lists the Speaker of the House as the next successor in the absence of the president and vice president.

9

Cabinet

The formal body of the presidential advisers who head the fifteen executive departments. Presidents often add others to this body of formal advisers.`

The cabinet consists of the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs.

10

League of Nations

a multilateral diplomatic organization that existed from 1920-1946 that sought, unsuccessfully, to prevent future wars; the U.S never joined.

The League of Nations included the United Kingdom, Japan, France, and Italy.

11

executive agreements

formal international agreements entered into by the president that do not require the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate.

An executive agreement is between the United States and a foreign government that is less formal than a treaty

12

veto

the formal, constitutional authority of the president to reject bills passed by both houses of Congress, thus preventing them from becoming law without further congressional action.

Vetoes can be overwritten with 2/3 votes in both the Senate and House.

13

pardon

An executive grant providing restoration of all rights and privileges of citizenship to a specific individual charged with or convicted of a crime.

President Nixon received a pardon from President Gerald in 1974 for any and all crimes he might have committed.

14

inherent powers

Powers that belong to the president because they can be inferred from the Constitution.

An inherent power that current President Donald J. Trump has is the power to control borders which he is trying to use in order to build a wall.

15

first lady

The designation provided to the wife of a president or, at the state level, of a governor; no specific analogue exists for a male spouse.

Melania Trump is first lady of the House as of 2016.

16

Executive Office of the President (EOP)

A mini-bureaucracy created in 1939 to help the president oversee the executive branch bureaucracy.

Franklin D. Roosevelt founded the Executive Office of the President in order to receive close help.

17

bully pulpit

The view that a major power of the presidency, albeit not one prescribed by the Constitution, is to draw attention to and generate support for particular positions.

President Jimmy Carter used the bully pulpit tactic when he asked Americans to conserve energy during the energy crisis while wearing a sweater because he had ordered the heat to be lowered in the House.

18

Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

the office that prepares the president's annual budget proposal, reviews the budget and programs of the executive departments, supplies economic forecasts, and conducts detailed analyses of proposed bills and agency rules.

The Office of Management and Budget is the largest office within the executive office of the president.

19

executive order

Rule of regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law. All executive orders must be published in the Federal Register.

President Donald J. Trump has recently vowed to signed an executive order that protects free speech on college campuses.

20

signing statements

Occasional written comments attached to a bill signed by the president.

Signing statements are written upon the signing of a bill into law.