Arrival and Life in the New World Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Arrival and Life in the New World Deck (32)
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1
Q

Spain in the New World:

A

-wanted to get rich through exploration
-wanted to convert Natives to Catholics

2
Q

France in the New World:

A

-wanted to make money off of fur trade
-rely on alliances with Natives

3
Q

Dutch in the New World:

A

-trade empire
-struggled with military and to be profitable

4
Q

English in the New World:

A
  • religious and economic
    -bring men and women to the New World
5
Q

Who were the Métis?

A

the kids of French man and Native women

6
Q

Importance of tobacco in the New World?

A

-successful for Virginia
-very labor intensive
-slaves

7
Q

Colonies in the Chesapeake and Sothern Region:

A

-Virginia
-Carolinas
-Georgia
-Maryland

8
Q

What was the Indentured Servitude?

A

working in exchange for the price of passage to America, later led to slavery

9
Q

Colonies in the New England region:

A

-Massachusetts
-Connecticut
-Rhode Island
-New Hampshire

10
Q

Things to know about the New England region:

A

-people came for religious purposes
-fishing and lumber drive the economy

11
Q

Colonies in the Mid-Atlantic Region:

A

-New York
-New Jersey
-Pennsylvania
-Delaware

12
Q

Things to know about the Mid-Atlantic Region:

A

-variety of people, British territory
-Major cities and trade hubs because region is in the middle of everything.

13
Q

Joint Stock Company

A

allows larger financial investments to
be made (big for colonies)

14
Q

Mercantilism

A

(Needed government regulation) an economic theory that the more you can export the better

15
Q

Salutary Neglect

A

Colonies have a free hand in their affairs as long as they are profitable for England

16
Q

Virginia House of Burgesses

A

(1619) the first elected legislative assembly in the colonies.

17
Q

Navigation Acts

A

merchants in every colony were to ship good directly to England in English ships

18
Q

Molasses Act

A

tightens control over colonial exports and manufacturing

19
Q

Mayflower Compact

A

(1620) signed while on the Mayflower, pledging to establish a civil government with the
authority to enact laws.

20
Q

Conflicts before the French Indian War were between who?

A

Britain (Red) vs. French and Native alliances (Blue) over land

21
Q

Pequot War

A

Who? British with Native Alliances vs. Pequot people
Where? New England
When? 1634-1639
Why? to wipe out the Pequot people

22
Q

King Philips War

A

Who? Natives vs. colonists
What? the deadliest war at the time. 5-10% of colonists, 40% of Wampanoag tribe die
Where? New England
When? 1675-1678
Why? leader King Philip was killed

23
Q

Bacon’s Rebellion

A

Who? Nathaniel Bacon
Where? Jamestown, Virginia
When? 1676
Why? farmers in Virginia feel they are overtaxed.

24
Q

Results of Bacon’s Rebellion:

A

Bacon storms Jamestown, takes over government, but then dies. Slavery is now an idea.

25
Q

Triangle Trade

A

the flow of goods, slaves from Europe, Africa, and The Americas

26
Q

Flow of the Triangle trade

A

from Europe to Africa: manufactured goods
from Africa to New World: slaves
from New World to Europe: raw material

27
Q

Middle Passage

A

the Slave journey from Africa to the New World

28
Q

Stono Rebellion and Resistance

A

Who? Slaves
What? Slaves rebelled, hoping to go to Florida. Slaves’ dead bodies were displayed as a lesson on what not to do.
Where? Carolinas
When? 17939
Why? they wanted freedom

29
Q

British in the French Indian War

A

-red
-alliances with the colonists
-2 million population
-not bed military because their best military was back in England

30
Q

French in the French Indian War

A

-blue
-60,000 French settlers and various Native alliances
-French did not have control over their Native allies

31
Q

What was the purpose of the French Indian War?

A

The final contest to see which European Empire would control the New World (every war and battle led up to this)

32
Q

Battle of the Monogahela

A

an embarrassing British defeat, led by British General Edward Braddock who was unskilled