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Flashcards in The Revolutionary Era 2 Deck (21)
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1
Q

Battle of Lexington and Concord

A

-the first battle of the war
-British march into Massachusetts
-they retreat from firing of the Colonists

2
Q

Battle of Saratoga

A

-major turning point in the war for America
-Burgoyne was defeated
-convinced French to become allies with America

3
Q

Battle of Trenton

A

-Washington organizes a sneak attack on Hessian (German) troops in Trenton.
-Huge victory for America
-saves the morale of the Revolution

4
Q

Benedict Arnold

A

-traitor
-became British spy because of wife Peggy
-gets caught giving West Point to British
-reason why British moved south

5
Q

Battle of Yorktown

A

-British located to Yorktown, Virgina
-French defeats the British for first time
-British surrender to Washington

6
Q

Second Continental Congress

A

-met after Battle of Lexington and Concord
-congress formally declares they are separating from Britain.

7
Q

Olive Branch Petition

A

the last plea for peach with King George

8
Q

Common Sense

A

-written by Thomas Paine
-moved opinions toward independence and away from Monarchy

9
Q

Treaty of Paris 1783

A

-peace agreement with England and the Colonists
-boundaries of the new US from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River
-that Americans allow British collection of prewar debts from colonists.

10
Q

Articles of Confederation

A

-the original framework for our government
-every state had one vote
-no central government, up to the states

11
Q

Land Ordinance of 1785

A

organized northwest territories so they could be sold as land to pay of debts

12
Q

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

A

settles how a territory could become a state
-territory must reach a certain population then apply for statehood
-no slavery allowed in the territores

13
Q

Shay’s Rebellion

A

-Massachusetts farmer rebelled over too many taxes
-seen as the Articles of Confederation needed to be replaced

14
Q

Battle of Bunker Hill

A

-Tactical British win
-strategic American win
-American ontop of the hill

15
Q

Big Three of the British Military

A

-Howe
-Burgoyne
-Clinton

16
Q

Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben

A

-from Europe, end up at Valley Forge
-trains the Continental Army into an effective fighting force

17
Q

First Continental Congress wanted 4 things:

A
  1. an immediate repeal of the Intolerable Acts and if this does not happen military action
  2. the king to restore former colonial rights
  3. to created the Continental Association to enforce the economic boycott
  4. if colonial rights were not recognized the Congress would meet again in 1775
18
Q

Battle of New York

A

-Washington takes L
-Continental Army at the biggest it will ever be
-British take over Long Island, Brooklyn, forcing Washington to NJ

19
Q

The British Army in America

A

-not the best
-not unified
-a large distance away from their country

20
Q

Declaration of Independence

A

-synthesized Enlightenment ideas
-everyone who signs it knows the consequences

21
Q

3 parts of the Declarations of Independence

A

-General Principles
-Supporting Evidence
-Final Declaration