Defining America: 1789-1820 Flashcards Preview

APUSH > Defining America: 1789-1820 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Defining America: 1789-1820 Deck (33)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

fat, dumb, ugly vs. superheroes

A

this shows different political views within the country

2
Q

Hamilton’s Financial Plan

A

pays off the national debt and sets us national bank

3
Q

French Revolution

A

Washington keeps the USA neutral

4
Q

Treaty of Jay

A

eases tension with British empire and keeps America neutral with France v. Britain

5
Q

The Whiskey Rebellion

A

tax protest in west PA

6
Q

Federalist Party

A

-Hamilton
-pro-British
-central government

7
Q

Democratic-Republican Party

A

-Jefferson
-pro-French
-state government

8
Q

Washington’s Farewell Address

A

Washington wants to avoid political parties

9
Q

XYZ Affair

A

diplomatic fight with France that almost led to war

10
Q

Alien and Sedition Acts

A

Anti-French and Democratic-Republican laws that limited immigration of the French and Free-Speech of the Democratic-Republicans.

11
Q

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

A

by Jefferson and Madison: states could declare federal laws unconstitutional

12
Q

1800 elections

A

Thomas Jefferson defeated John Adams and Adam Burr

13
Q

Louisiana Purchase

A

(Jefferson’s First Term)
-modern Midwest sold by France for 15M
-Lewis and Clarke expedition proved major discoveries for America

14
Q

Judiciary Act of 1789

A

congress passed a law that created a Federal court system for America

15
Q

Marbury v. Madison

A

-Supreme Court was established
-Judiciary Branch becomes a true third branch of the US Government

16
Q

Judicial Review

A

Supreme Court can decide if an act of Congress or the President was constitutional

17
Q

Jefferson’s Contradictions

A

-referenced religion, but was not religious
-wanted a smaller federal government
-was racist publicaly

18
Q

Embargo Act

A

-America could not export any of its goods from America to other countries
-tried to avoid war
-caused an economic disaster

19
Q

James Madison wins 1808 election

A

He was the leader of the Democratic-Republican Party

20
Q

Nonintercourse Act

A

lifted all embargo, trading with all nations except France and Britain

21
Q

Macon’s Bill No.2

A

-restored trade with France and Britain
-BUT if one declared to support the US neutrality, no trading from the foe
-led to war with Britain

22
Q

Who pushes for war with Britain?

A

Western and Southern Democratic-Republicans

23
Q

Who starts the War of 1812 and why?

A

US, invaded Canada for land AND Americans being pressured to join the British navy

24
Q

Battle of New Orleans

A

Andrew Jackson defeats the British, Jackson becomes national hero

25
Q

Hartford Convention

A

Federalists in New England threatened secession, the end of Federalist Party.

26
Q

Treaty of Ghent

A

ended the War of 1812

27
Q

Result of War of 1812

A

-draw between US and Britain
-peace with Europe

28
Q

Henry Clay

A

pushes for a plan to develop America’s economy

29
Q

Result of War of 1812:

A

-Federalist party is no longer a thing
-Protective Tariffs
-2nd Bank of the US
-Federally funded improvements (roads, canals)

30
Q

Protective Tariffs

A

a tax on imported goods

31
Q

1816 Election winner

A

James Madison

32
Q

Panic of 1819

A

economy falls apart

33
Q

Missouri Compromise

A

-Missouri admitted as a slave state
-Maine admitted as a free state
-no slavery allowed above Southern Missouri