Defining America: 1820s-1850s Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Defining America: 1820s-1850s Deck (40)
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1
Q

Adams-Onis Treaty

A

Jackson invades Florida and takes it from Spain

2
Q

Monroe Doctrine

A

a warning to European powers to end colonization in the New World

3
Q

1824 Election

A

4 candidates from the Democratic-Republican Party

4
Q

Candidates of the 1824 election

A

-Andrew Jackson
-John Quincy Adams
-Henry Clay
-William Crawford

5
Q

Who won 1824 election?

A

Jackson won the popular vote BUT Adams won the electoral college

6
Q

who founded the Democratic party

A

Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Burren

7
Q

Who won 1828 elections?

A

Jackson

8
Q

Spoils System

A

while Jackson was president, government offices would be rewarded to loyal party members and would change hands based on the party in charge

9
Q

John Marshal

A

in charge of supreme court at the time of Jackson’s presidency (he does not like Jackson)

10
Q

McCulloch v. Maryland

A

states cannot tax federal institutions; the constitution gave federal government “implied power”

11
Q

Cohens v. Virginia

A

the court can review a state court’s decision involving any of the powers of the federal government

12
Q

Gibbons v. Ogden

A

establishes that the federal government had broad control of interstate commerce

13
Q

Andrew Jackson hates Native Americans. What does he do as a result?

A

He signs an act which forces Native Americans in the south to move west

14
Q

Cherokee Nation v. Gerogia

A

established that the Cherokee could sue in federal court

15
Q

Worcester v. Georgia

A

laws of Georgia had no force within Cherokee territory- Cherokee did not have to move west

16
Q

What does Jackson do as a result of Cherokee Nation v. Georgia AND Worcester v. Georgia

A

he allows the state of Georgia to being forcing the Cherokee West and leads to the Trail of Tears

17
Q

Tariffs

A

taxes on goods imported to the US. (this benefited the everyone but the South)

18
Q

Tariff of Abominations

A

higher tariff passed (affected the South because they love their cotton)

19
Q

John C. Calhoun author of “the South Carolina Exposition” writes…

A

states can ignore laws they disagree with

20
Q

result of the Nullification Crisis of 1832

A

Sourth Carolina nearly secedes from the Union over tariff

21
Q

Compromise Tariff

A

saves South Carolina from secedes

22
Q

does Jackson like the Bank of the US?

A

no

23
Q

Bank War

A

Congress tries to pass a new charter for the Bank but is vetoed by Jackson

24
Q

Result of Bank War

A

-Jackson withdraws federal funds from the BUS
-Jackson puts federal in “pet banks”
-no central bank means no organized economics

25
Q

Panic 1837

A

global economic disaster, hundreds of banks fall

26
Q

Whig Political Party

A

formed around opposition to Andrew Jackson

27
Q

Weakness of Whig Party

A

found after John Tyler replaces William Harrison, no political positions in the party

28
Q

Industrial Resolution

A

-population doubles from immigration
-new jobs
-people move west

29
Q

Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin. What is the result of this?

A

-slavery is more profitable
-birth of market economy in America

30
Q

Second Grand Awakening

A

groups of religious groups form/become popular with a question of why is society changing

31
Q

Transcendentalists

A

a group of hippie writers against the religious groups and why society is changing

32
Q

Temperance Movemnet

A

banning alcohol in the US

33
Q

Reforms in America after the Industrial Revolution

A

-banning alcohol
-public asylums
-public education
-women’s rights
-abolitionists

34
Q

Cult of Domesticity

A

forcing women’s only role is to make kids and take care of the house while the husband does all the work

35
Q

Seneca Falls Conventions

A

first feminist political convention

36
Q

William Lloyd Garrison

A

an early abolitionist leader who spread his ideas through newspaper writings

37
Q

New England Region

A

economically driven by the industrial revoultion

38
Q

South

A

cotton plantations and slavery dominate the economy and political system, cities are hubs of wealth and international trade

39
Q

Midwest

A

major farming that provided great success for the nation

40
Q

US Governments opinion on slavery

A

North wants to get rid of it but they cant because the South want to keep it