Antebellum, Civil War and Reconstruction: Antebellum Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Antebellum, Civil War and Reconstruction: Antebellum Deck (31)
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1
Q

What did “Manifest Destiny” by John O’ Sullivan do for our country?

A

-gave the idea that expansion was necessary

-gave the idea that a democratic republic could save the nation

-allowed new forms of transportation and communication

-gave political issues that sparked the Civil War

2
Q

John Tyler

A

President who offered Texas statehood

3
Q

Two issues of allowing Texans into the Union:

A

-balance between free and slave states?

-would this provoke war with Mexico?

4
Q

James K. Polk as President

A
  • pro-expansion

-ready for war

5
Q

The Mexican War

A

-an easy win

-becomes unpopular (soldiers are treated terribly)

-shows who will be famous in the Civil War

6
Q

results of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo:

A

-Rio Grande is the southern border of Texas

-US gets California and New Mexico

7
Q

California Gold Rush

A

-causes many people to move West

-California is quickly approaching statehood status

8
Q

California and New Mexico apply for statehood as free states. Why is that bad for some people?

A

The unbalance between free states and slave states. Would not be good for those in the Senate and House

9
Q

Compromise of 1850

A

-California is a free state

-New Mexico is split into two territories (New Mexico and Utah). These territories decided if they are free or slave states.

-slavery is banned in Washington D.C.

-Fugitive Slave law is adopted

10
Q

Fugitive Slave Laws

A

if a runaway slave was caught in a free state, they would be returned back to their home (even if they were free)

11
Q

Effects of the Fugitive Slave Laws

A

-shows the South had too much control over the government

-The North could no longer ignore the issues of slavery

-courts denied escaped slaves the right to a free trial by jury

-the Underground Railroad was established

12
Q

Democratic Party at the time:

A

dominate politics, slavery is normal, Northern men with Southern sympathies

13
Q

Whig Party

A

(R) falls apart over the issue of slavery

14
Q

Free Soil Party

A

(R) believes slavery should not be allowed in territories but fine in the south

15
Q

Know-Nothing Party

A

(R) believed in nativism (fear of Catholic immigrants)

16
Q

Republican Party at the time:

A

-Whig party
-Free Soil Party
-Know-Nothing Party believed in nativism

17
Q

Popular Sovereignty

A

people in territories decided (via popular vote) if a state is a free or slave state

18
Q

“Uncle Tom’s Cabin” by Harriet Beecher Stowe (white)

A

African American was the main character, humanized African American slaves to a mass audience

19
Q

The Kansas-Nebraska Act

A

Douglass proposed to split the Nebraska territory into two parts and allow settlers to act through Popular Sovereignty

20
Q

result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act

A

-North is outraged

-they repeal the Missouri Compromises on 1820

-Wisconsin-Republican party is formed

21
Q

Bleeding Kansas

A

-Pro-Slavery and Abolitionist settle in Kansas and fight over slavery

-Government does nothing about it

22
Q

Wisconsin-Republican party

A

opposed the spread of slavery into territories
-not to end slavery itself

23
Q

What does John C Fremont’s presidential campaign show for the Wisconsin-Republican Party?

A

It proves the Party can be a national party and compete in elections

24
Q

What happened when the Missouri Compromise was repealed?

A

slaves could go anywhere (territory-wise). North was pissed

25
Q

Dred Scott Case

A

-Dred Scott could not sue the Supreme Court

-The US Constitution does not recognize African Americans and citizens, they are instead property

-Congress could not outlaw slavery in territories since slaves are property

-Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional and slaves can go anywhere (territory-wise)

-draws national attention (North wants government to change)

26
Q

Lincoln vs. Douglass Round 1

A

-Lincoln loses Senate

-Lincoln gets national acclaim

-Douglass is seen as not defending slavery enough in the South’s eyes

27
Q

John Brown and his slave uprisings in the South:

A

-abolitionist praise him

-the South sees this as an attack from the North

-the South are looking for reasons to be done with the Union

28
Q

Crittenden’s Compromise

A

the last effort to save the South from leaving the Union and protecting slavery

29
Q

James Buchanan

A

-President before Lincoln

-Northern man with Southern sympathies

-made his cabinet mostly Democratic

30
Q

States seceded to organize the Confederate States of America

A
  • Slavery is THE unifying issue of the rebellion

-Jefferson Davis is president of the Confederate

31
Q

Fort Sumter, Charleston

A

-South fires

-war begins