Arteries of the leg Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Arteries of the leg > Flashcards

Flashcards in Arteries of the leg Deck (17):
1

What is the main artery in the lower limb?

Femoral artery

2

What is the Femoral artery a continuation of?

External Iliac which is derived from abdominal aorta

3

What are the 3 branches of the Deep femoral artery?

Perforating branches
Lateral femoral circumflex artery
Medial femoral circumflex artery

4

Which area does the Lateral femoral circumflex artery supply?

Lateral side of the thigh

5

Which area does the Perforating branches of the femoral artery supply?

Medial and posterior of the thigh

6

What artery supplies the anterior muscles of the thigh?

The femoral artery

7

Where does the Femoral artery change into the Popliteal artery?

At the Adductor Hiatus

8

What is the other main artery in the thigh?

Obturator artery

9

What does the Obturator artery split off from?

Internal Iliac artery in the pelvic region

10

What are the 2 branches of the Obturator artery?

Anterior branch
Posterior branch

11

Where does the Obturator artery split?

In the medial thigh

12

What does the Popliteal artery do at the knee joint?

Gives off many branches called the Genicular branches which supply the knee joint

13

Where does the Popliteal artery terminate?

It becomes the anterior and posterior branches of the Tibial artery when it passes through the Popliteal fossa

14

What artery supplies the anterior of the leg?

Anterior tibial artery

15

What artery supplies the posterior and lateral of the leg?

Posterior tibial artery

16

What is the Anterior Tibial artery called in the foot?

Dorsalis pedis artery

17

What are the 3 main pulse points of the lower limb?

Femoral
Popliteal
Dorsalis pedis