Bones of the foot Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bones of the foot Deck (14):
1

What are the 3 main groups of bones in the foot?

Tarsals
Metatarsals
Phalanges

2

How many Tarsal bones are there?

7

3

What can the tarsal bones be categorised into?

Proximal
Intermediate
Distal

4

Which Tarsal bones are in the Proximal group?

Talus
Calcaneus

5

How can fractures to the Talus occur?

Neck fractures during excessive dorsiflexion of the foot.
Body fractures from jumping at a height.

6

How can fractures to the Calcaneus occur?

Commonly fractured by jumping from a height (as it is the main bone that transmits the weight of the body to the ground)

7

What is the intermediate Tarsal bone?

Navicular

8

What does the Navicular articulate with posteriorly?

Talus

9

What does the Navicular articulate with Laterally?

Cuboid

10

What does the Navicular articulate with anteriorly?

Cuneiform bones

11

What are the 4 distal bones?

Cuboid
Lateral Cuneiform
Intermediate Cuneiform
Medial Cuneiform

12

How are the metatarsals named?

I to V with I being the great toe

13

What does the Metatarsals articulate with?

At the base - Cuboid and Cuneiforms
Distal end - Phalanges of the toes

14

What are common fractures in the Metatarsals?

Excessive inversion of the foot pulling the base of Metatarsal V off.
Stress fractures, common in athletes.